Precision Agriculture

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 457–472 | Cite as

Assessment of the spatial variability of anthocyanins in grapes using a fluorescence sensor: relationships with vine vigour and yield

  • J. Baluja
  • M. P. Diago
  • P. Goovaerts
  • J. Tardaguila
Article

Abstract

The use of new, rapid and non-invasive sensors in the field allows the collection of many observations which are necessary to assess the spatial variability of berry composition. The aim of this work was to study the spatial variability in anthocyanin content in grapes and to quantify its relationship with the vigour and yield in a commercial vineyard. The study was conducted in a Tempranillo (Vitis vinifera L.) vineyard (Navarra, Spain). A new, hand-held, non-destructive fluorescence-based proximal sensor was used for monitoring the anthocyanin content in grapes at veraison and harvest. Yield, vine vigour, spectral (normalized difference vegetation index and plant cell density) and chlorophyll (SPAD and simple chlorophyll fluorescence ratio) parameters were measured. Yield variability within the vineyard was the largest of all the parameters. Fluorescence-based anthocyanin indices were less variable at harvest than at veraison. The vigour parameters (main shoot length, total shoot length and shoot pruning weight) were positively correlated to yield; the chlorophyll and the spectral indices were negatively correlated with berry anthocyanin production. The correlations between vigour, yield and anthocyanin content in grapes varied substantially in time and space across the vineyard.

Keywords

Precision viticulture Geostatistical analysis Geographically weighted regression Grapevine 

Abbreviations

ANTH_RG

Anthocyanin fluorescence index

FERARI

Fluorescence excitation ratio anthocyanin relative index

MSL

Main shoot length

NDVI

Normalized difference vegetation index

PCD

Plant cell density

SFR

Simple chlorophyll fluorescence ratio

SPW

Shoot pruning weight

TSL

Total shoot length

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Baluja
    • 1
  • M. P. Diago
    • 1
  • P. Goovaerts
    • 2
  • J. Tardaguila
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino, University of La Rioja, CSICLogroñoSpain
  2. 2.BioMedware, Inc.Ann ArborUSA

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