A broad-band leaf chlorophyll vegetation index at the canopy scale
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An assessment of the sensitivity at the canopy scale to leaf chlorophyll concentration of the broad-band chlorophyll vegetation index (CVI) is carried out for a wide range of soils and crops conditions and for different sun zenith angles by the analysis of a large synthetic dataset obtained by using in the direct mode the coupled PROSPECT + SAILH leaf and canopy reflectance model. An optimized version (OCVI) of the CVI is proposed. A single correction factor is incorporated in the OCVI algorithm to take into account the different spectral behaviors due to crop and soil types, sensor spectral resolution and scene sun zenith angle. An estimate of the value of the correction factor and of the minimum leaf area index (LAI) value of applicability are given for each considered condition. The results of the analysis of the synthetic dataset indicated that the broad-band CVI index could be used as a leaf chlorophyll estimator for planophile crops in most soil conditions. Results indicated as well that, in principle, a single correction factor incorporated in the OCVI could take into account the different spectral behaviors due to crop and soil types, sensor spectral resolution and scene sun zenith angle.
KeywordsRemote sensing Vegetation indices Leaf chlorophyll concentration Variable rate fertilization
The work was partly funded by the Regione Emilia Romagna in the context of the CITIMAP (Centre for the application of Remote Sensing in Precision Agriculture Mechanization) precision farming research program. Thanks are also expressed to Frédéric Baret of INRA for providing the models code.
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