, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 1867–1891 | Cite as

An optimization model for integrated transit-parking policy planning

  • Joana CavadasEmail author
  • António Pais Antunes


The optimization model proposed in this paper is aimed to assist city councils (or other transport authorities) in the planning of integrated transit-parking policies. The objective is to minimize the joint operating deficit of the transit and parking operators while ensuring given minimum levels of (motorized) mobility in a city. The key decision variables are transit fares and parking fees. The impact of price changes on transit and car modal shares are described by logit functions of the generalized travel costs. The practical utility of the model is illustrated with a case study involving a midsize city in Portugal.


Transit Parking Transit-parking integration Optimization model Transport policy 



The authors are grateful to the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT) for funding the research described in this paper (project UID/Multi/04427/2013 and scholarship SFRH/BD/52359/2013), and to the three anonymous reviewers whose comments significantly contributed to improve a previous version paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CITTA, Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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