, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 1713–1736 | Cite as

Characteristics analysis for travel behavior of transportation hub passengers using mobile phone data

  • Gang ZhongEmail author
  • Tingting Yin
  • Jian Zhang
  • Shanglu He
  • Bin Ran


The travel behavior of passengers from the transportation hub within the city area is critical for travel demand analysis, security monitoring, and supporting traffic facilities designing. However, the traditional methods used to study the travel behavior of the passengers inside the city are time and labor consuming. The records of the cellular communication provide a potential huge data source for this study to follow the movement of passengers. This study focuses on the passengers’ travel behavior of the Hongqiao transportation hub in Shanghai, China, utilizing the mobile phone data. First, a systematic and novel method is presented to extract the trip information from the mobile phone data. Several key travel characteristics of passengers, including passengers traveling inside the city and between cities, are analyzed and compared. The results show that the proposed method is effective to obtain the travel trajectories of mobile phone users. Besides, the travel behavior of incity passengers and external passengers are quite different. Then, the correlation analysis of the passengers’ travel trajectories is provided to research the availability of the comprehensive area. Moreover, the results of the correlation analysis further indicate that the comprehensive area of the Hongqiao hub plays a relatively important role in passengers’ daily travel.


Mobile phone data Travel behavior Transportation hub Digital travel trajectory Correlation analysis 



This study is partially supported by the Information Technology Research Project of Ministry of Transport of China (No. 2015364X16030) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61620106002). The support provided by China Scholarship Council (CSC) during a visit of G. Zhong to UW-Madison is acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Urban ITS, School of TransportationSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Province Collaborative Innovation Center of Modern Urban Traffic TechnologiesNanjingChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu Province Collaborative Innovation Center for Technology and Application of Internet of ThingsNanjingChina
  4. 4.Jiangsu Expressway Company LimitedNanjingChina
  5. 5.School of AutomationNanjing University of Science and TechnologyNanjingChina

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