, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 841–857 | Cite as

The impacts of household features on commuting carbon emissions: a case study of Xi’an, China

  • Pu Lyu
  • Yongjie LinEmail author
  • Yuanqing Wang


This study contributes to the analysis of the household characteristics and household neighborhood ones affecting the transportation carbon dioxide emissions produced by commuters. This analysis integrated the household commuting measures of the travel mode, frequency, distance and household demographics using datasets from a metropolitan scale survey in the city of Xi’an, China. The results of the tests that used the field data from Xi’an, revealed that a significant positive relationship between commuting emissions and household size, income, and education level. Moreover, there is a significant relationship between the average age in the household and the commuting emissions. The methodology developed in this study measured the regional emissions by incorporating the impacts of the household characteristics and household neighborhood ones on the commuting emissions. A further exploration of the data showed that regional commuting carbon emissions are more likely to have a positive relationship with the mixed urban land use.


Commuting emissions Household carbon emissions Household characteristics Land use 



The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research (ARCP2011-07CMY-Han) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51178055-E0807), and are grateful to the Australian Research Council (ARCDP1094801). The opinions and views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily of the sponsoring agency.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Traffic Engineering, School of HighwayChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.School of Civil Engineering and TransportationSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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