, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 53–77 | Cite as

Built environment impacts on walking for transport in Brisbane, Australia

  • Md. KamruzzamanEmail author
  • Simon Washington
  • Douglas Baker
  • Wendy Brown
  • Billie Giles-Corti
  • Gavin Turrell


This study examines the association between urban form and walking for transport in Brisbane, Australia based on both panel and cross-sectional data. Cross-sectional data are used to determine whether urban form was associated with walking for transport in 2011. Panel data are used to evaluate whether changes in the built environment altered walking behaviour between 2009 and 2011. Results from the cross-sectional data suggest that individuals are significantly more likely to be walkers if they live in an area with a well-connected street network and an accessible train station. The longitudinal analysis confirms these relationships; there also was however, a significant impact of travel attitudes and perceptions on walking behaviour. The findings suggest that the built environment continues to be an important factor to encourage walking; however, interventions are also required to change social norms in order to increase the receptiveness for and participation in walking.


Urban form Residential self-selection Walking for transport Travel attitudes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Kamruzzaman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Simon Washington
    • 1
  • Douglas Baker
    • 1
  • Wendy Brown
    • 2
  • Billie Giles-Corti
    • 3
  • Gavin Turrell
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering and the Built EnvironmentQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.School of Human Movement StudiesUniversity of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia
  3. 3.McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, Melbourne School of Population and Global HealthThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.School of Public Health and Social WorkQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia

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