, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 587–604 | Cite as

Modelling commuting mode choice with explicit consideration of carpool in the choice set formation

  • Khandker M. Nurul HabibEmail author
  • Yuan Tian
  • Hamid Zaman


This article investigates the carpool mode choice option in the context of overall commuting mode choice preferences. The article uses a hybrid discrete choice modelling technique to jointly model the consideration of carpooling in the choice set formation as well as commuting mode choice together with the response bias corrections through the accommodation of measurement equations. A cross-nested error structure for the econometric formulation is used to capture correlations among various commuting modes and carpool consideration in the choice set. Empirical models are estimated using a data set collected through a week-long commuter survey in Edmonton, Alberta. The empirical model reveals many behavioural details of commuting mode choice and carpooling. Interestingly, it reveals that interactions between various Travel Demand Management (TDM) tools with the carpooling option can be different at different level of decision making (choice set formation level and final choice making level).


Commuting Mode choice Choice set formation TDM Carpooling Hybrid choice model 



This research was partially funded by an NSERC (Natural Science and Engineering Research Council) Discovery Grant. The authors acknowledge the help of Audra Jones of the City of Edmonton for making the data set available for this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khandker M. Nurul Habib
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuan Tian
    • 1
  • Hamid Zaman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Civil & Environmental EngineeringUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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