Transportation

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 37–54 | Cite as

Urban form, travel time, and cost relationships with tour complexity and mode choice

  • Lawrence Frank
  • Mark Bradley
  • Sarah Kavage
  • James Chapman
  • T. Keith Lawton
Article

Abstract

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate how relative associations between travel time, costs, and land use patterns where people live and work impact modal choice and trip chaining patterns in the Central Puget Sound (Seattle) region. By using a tour-based modeling framework and highly detailed land use and travel data, this study attempts to add detail on the specific land use changes necessary to address different types of travel, and to develop a comparative framework by which the relative impact of travel time and urban form changes can be assessed. A discrete choice modeling framework adjusted for demographic factors and assessed the relative effect of travel time, costs, and urban form on mode choice and trip chaining characteristics for the three tour types. The tour based modeling approach increased the ability to understand the relative contribution of urban form, time, and costs in explaining mode choice and tour complexity for home and work related travel. Urban form at residential and employment locations, and travel time and cost were significant predictors of travel choice. Travel time was the strongest predictor of mode choice while urban form the strongest predictor of the number of stops within a tour. Results show that reductions in highway travel time are associated with less transit use and walking. Land use patterns where respondents work predicted mode choice for mid day and journey to work travel.

Keywords

Urban form Travel time Mode choice 

Abbreviations

BMI

Body mass index

FAR

Floor area ratio

HBO

Home-based non-work/other

HBW

Home-based work

LUTAQH

King county land use, transportation, air quality, and health study

PSTP

Puget sound transportation panel

PSRC

Puget sound regional council

TAZ

Traffic analysis zone

WOW

Work-based other

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence Frank
    • 1
  • Mark Bradley
    • 2
  • Sarah Kavage
    • 3
  • James Chapman
    • 3
  • T. Keith Lawton
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Community and Regional PlanningUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverUSA
  2. 2.Mark Bradley Research and ConsultingSanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.Lawrence Frank and Company, Inc.Point RobertsUSA
  4. 4.Keith Lawton ConsultingNewbergUSA

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