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Transportation

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 171–188 | Cite as

Land Transport Policy and Public Transport in Singapore

  • Soi Hoi Lam
  • Trinh Dinh Toan
Article

Abstract

Singapore has a sophisticated and efficient system of land transport to serve a growing demand for transportation. Constrained by limited space, a comprehensive set of land transport policies has been in place to balance the growth in transport demand and the effectiveness and efficiency of the land transport system. A multi-pronged approach has been used to achieve the objective of a world-class transportation system. These include integration of urban and transport planning, expansion of the road network and improvement of the transport infrastructure, harnessing the latest technology in network and traffic management, managing vehicle ownership and usage, and improvement and regulations of public transport (Ministry of Transport (MOT) (2003) Policy and Regulations, Land Transport, Available: www.mot.gov.sg, Date of Access: 15 September 2003). Singapore was the first country in the world to introduce various new techniques, notably the Area License Scheme (ALS) in 1975 and the Vehicle Quota System (VQS) in 1990. An Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) system replaced the ALS in 1998 to take the role of congestion management, the experience of which has also drawn particular attention from many large cities in the world. In 2003, the world’s first and only fully automatic heavy rail Mass Rapid Transit system was opened to the public, marking a new chapter in Singapore’s innovative approach to solving its land transport problem. This paper reviews the land transport policy implemented in Singapore and pays special emphasis to its public transportation systems.

Keywords

integration land transport policy multi-modal transit road pricing traffic management transport planning 

Abbreviation

ALS

Area Licensing Scheme

ARF

Additional Registration Fee

COE

Certificate of Entitlement

ERP

Electronic Road Pricing

HDB

Housing and Development Board

MRT

Mass Rapid Transit

OMV

Open Market Value

VQS

Vehicle Quota System

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingapore

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