Subsequent Migration of Immigrants Within Australia, 1981–2016

  • James Raymer
  • Bernard Baffour
Original Research


Australia is a major immigration country and immigrants currently represent around 28% of the total population. The aim of this research is to understand the long-term consequences of this immigration and, particularly, how migrants respond to opportunities within the country after arriving through the process of subsequent (internal) migration. The focus is on major immigrant groups in Australia, including persons born in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, China and India, and how their patterns differ from persons born in Australia. To conduct this analysis, we have gathered data for a 35-year period based on quinquennial census data. We also obtained birthplace-specific mortality data for constructing multiregional life tables for the immigrant populations. Subsequent migration is important for understanding population redistribution, and the relative attractiveness of destinations within host countries. Our results highlight the importance of subsequent migration and the diversity of migration behaviours amongst different immigrant groups in the context of overall declines in internal migration since 1981.


Immigrants Foreign-born Internal migration Australia 



This research is funded by the Australian Research Council as part of the Discovery Project on ‘The Demographic Consequences of Migration to, from and within Australia’ (DP150104405). The authors would like to thank Xujing Bai, Qing Guan, Nan Liu and Yanlin Shi for their efforts in gathering and cleaning the data used in this paper, and Tom Wilson and Peter Hughes for their comments and suggestions on an earlier version of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of DemographyAustralian National UniversityActonAustralia

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