Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 485–509 | Cite as

Geographic Variation in Sex Ratios of the US Immigrant Population: Identifying Sources of Difference

  • Erin Trouth Hofmann
  • E. Miranda Reiter
Original Research


This paper describes geographic variation in the sex composition of the foreign-born population in the US since 1990, and uses Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition to identify key sources of variation in regional sex ratios. We use data from the 1990 and 2000 US Censuses, and from the 2007–2011 American Community Survey, to create estimates of the size and characteristics of foreign-born populations at the level of Consistent Public-Use Microdata Areas. We find substantial local- and region-level variation in population sex ratios, with the highest sex ratios in the South and Midwest. This variation is partly explained by differences in the age- and national origin-composition of immigrants, but the effects of immigration history, age, and national origin on sex ratio vary substantially by region. The West in particular stands out as having high levels of unexplained difference from other regions. Future research is necessary to understand these regional differences in gendered immigration patterns.


United States Immigration Gender 



This work was supported by the Utah Agricultural Experiment Station under Grant UTA01118.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Social Work & AnthropologyUtah State UniversityLoganUSA
  2. 2.University of North Carolina PembrokePembrokeUSA

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