Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 631–637 | Cite as

How the Social Environment Gets Under the Skin

Article
  • 88 Downloads

Abstract

The impact of the social environment on human health and development is a common theme among demographers and population dynamics researchers. Less clear are the paths and mechanisms through which the social environment ‘gets under the skin.’ This special issue of Population Research and Policy Review presents five papers that address current scientific thinking on these paths and mechanisms.

Keywords

Social environment Mechanisms Physiological pathways Health outcomes 

References

  1. Bailey, Z. D., Krieger, N., Agénor, M., Graves, J., Linos, N., & Bassett, M. T. (2017). Structural racism and health inequities in the USA: Evidence and interventions. The Lancet, 389(10077), 1453–1463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boardman, J. D., Daw, J., & Freese, J. (2013). Defining the environment in gene–environment research: Lessons from social epidemiology. American Journal of Public Health, 103(S1), S64–S72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boardman, J. D., Domingue, B. W., Blalock, C. L., Haberstick, B. C., Harris, K. M., & McQueen, M. B. (2014). Is the gene-environment interaction paradigm relevant to genome-wide studies? The case of education and body mass index. Demography, 51(1), 119–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Braveman, P., & Gottlieb, L. (2014). The social determinants of health: it’s time to consider the causes of the causes. Public Health Reports, 129(1_suppl2), 19–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cicchetti, D. (2016). Development: Illustrations from a multilevel developmental psychopathology perspective on child maltreatment. Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 187–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Diez Roux, A. V. (2001). Investigating neighborhood and area effects on health. American Journal of Public Health, 91(11), 1783–1789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Glass, T. A., & Bilal, U. (2016). Are neighborhoods causal? Complications arising from the ‘stickiness’ of ZNA. Social Science and Medicine, 166, 244–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2009). How does sexual minority stigma “get under the skin”? A psychological mediation framework. Psychological Bulletin, 2009(135), 707–730. doi:10.1037/a0016441.Google Scholar
  9. Krieger, N. (1994). Epidemiology and the web of causation: Has anyone seen the spider? Social Science and Medicine, 39(7), 887–903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Krieger, N. (2017). Health equity and the fallacy of treating causes of population health as if they sum to 100%. American Journal of Public Health, 107(4), 541–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lea, A. J., Altmann, J., Alberts, S., & Tung, J. (2016). Resource base influences genome-wide DNA methylation levels in wild baboons (Papio cynocephalus). Molecular Ecology, 25(8), 1681–1696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Massey, D. S., Gross, A. B., & Eggers, M. L. (1991). Segregation, the concentration of poverty, and the life chances of individuals. Social Science Research, 20(4), 397–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. McDade, T. W., Hoke, M., Borja, J. B., Adair, L. S., & Kuzawa, C. (2013). Do environments in infancy moderate the association between stress and inflammation in adulthood? Initial evidence from a birth cohort in the Philippines. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 31, 23–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McEwen, B. S. (1998). Stress, adaptation, and disease: Allostasis and allostatic load. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 840(1), 33–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Meaney, M. (2010). Epigenetics and the biological definition of gene × environment interactions. Child Development, 81(1), 41–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Meaney, M., & Szyf, M. (2005). Environmental programming of stress responses through DNA methylation: Life at the interface between a dynamic environment and a fixed genome. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 7(2), 103–123.Google Scholar
  17. Pearlin, L. I., Lieberman, M. A., Menaghan, E. G., & Mullan, J. T. (1981). The stress process. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 22(4), 337–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Phelan, J. C., & Link, B. G. (2015). Is racism a fundamental cause of inequalities in health? Annual Review of Sociology, 41, 311–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Stafford, M., Bécares, L., & Nazroo, J. (2010). Racial discrimination and health: Exploring the possible protective effects of ethnic density. In J. Stilwell (Ed.), Ethnicity and Integration (pp. 225–250). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Thayer, Z. M., & Kuzawa, C. W. (2011). Biological memories of past environments: Epigenetic pathways to health disparities. Epigenetics, 6(7), 798–803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Williams, D. R., & Mohammed, S. A. (2013). Racism and health I: Pathways and scientific evidence. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(8), 1152–1173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the underclass, and public policy. Chicago: The University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  23. Wright, E. O. (Ed.). (2007). Approaches to Class Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. (outside the USA) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

Personalised recommendations