Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 673–691 | Cite as

Religious Affiliation and Fertility in a Sub-Saharan Context: Dynamic and Lifetime Perspectives

  • Victor Agadjanian
  • Scott T. Yabiku


We use uniquely detailed data from a predominantly Christian high-fertility area in Mozambique to examine denominational differentials in fertility from two complementary perspectives—dynamic and cumulative. First, we use event-history analysis to predict yearly risks of birth from denominational affiliation. Then, we employ Poisson regression to model the association between the number of children ever born and share of reproductive life spent in particular denominations or outside organized religion. Both approaches detect a significant increase in fertility associated with membership in a particular type of African-initiated churches which is characterized by strong organizational identity, rigid hierarchy, and insular corporate culture. Membership in the Catholic Church is also associated with elevated completed fertility. We relate these results to extant theoretical perspectives on the relationship between religion and fertility by stressing the interplay between ideological, social, and organizational characteristics of different types of churches and situate our findings within the context of fertility transition and religious demographics in Mozambique and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa.


Fertility Religion sub-Saharan Africa Event-history analysis 



We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Grant # R01HD050175.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Population Dynamics, T. Denny Sanford School of Social and Family DynamicsArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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