Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 883–905 | Cite as

The Decomposition of Economic Outcomes as a Result of Changes in Brazil’s Male Age–Education Structure

  • Ernesto Friedrich de Lima Amaral


In Brazil, the age and education compositions of the male labor force is changing with great regional variation. Based on Demographic Census microdata, results indicate that cohort size has a negative impact on earnings, but this effect is decreasing over time. In this study we consider the impact on earnings by age and education, as well as estimated income inequality reduction and racial differentials. Fertility decline and improve regarding educational attainment had a significant influence on the decline of income inequality in the country. Moreover, the non-white population has been experiencing less success in relation to educational achievement, compared to the white population.


Age–education transition Cohort size Earnings profile Income inequality Race differentials Brazil 



This research received support from the Brazilian Institute of Applied Economic Research (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada—IPEA) and the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—CAPES) of the Brazilian Ministry of Education (Ministério da Educação—MEC), through a research scholarship on development (Cátedras IPEA/CAPES para o Desenvolvimento, 001/2010). I am grateful to Joseph E. Potter, Daniel S. Hamermesh, Eduardo L. G. Rios-Neto, Andrés Villarreal, as well as to the reviewers of this journal, for their valuable suggestions and comments. I would also like to thank Adriane Reams for editing this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)Belo HorizonteBrazil

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