Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 619–638 | Cite as

Demographic Consequences of Gender Discrimination in China: Simulation Analysis of Policy Options

  • Quanbao Jiang
  • Shuzhuo Li
  • Marcus W. Feldman


The large number of missing females in China, a consequence of gender discrimination, is having and will continue to have a profound effect on the country’s population development. In this paper, we analyze the causes of this gender discrimination in terms of institutions, culture and, economy, and suggest public policies that might help eliminate gender discrimination. Using a population simulation model, we study the effect of public policies on the sex ratio at birth and excess female child mortality, and the effect of gender discrimination on China’s population development. We find that gender discrimination will decrease China’s population size, number of births, and working age population, accelerate population aging and exacerbate the male marriage squeeze. These results provide theoretical support for suggesting that the government enact and implement public policies aimed at eliminating gender discrimination.


Gender discrimination Public policy Simulation Aging Marriage market 



This work is jointly supported by the Key Project of National Social Science Foundation of China (08&ZD048, 09XSH005), Program for Chang Jiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in Universities of the Ministry of Education of China (IRT0855).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Population and Development Studies, School of Public Policy and AdministrationXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Morrison Institute for Population and Resource StudiesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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