Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 405–428 | Cite as

A Panel Based Analysis of the Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Other Individual Level Characteristics at Leaving on Returning

  • Beth A. Wilson
  • E. Helen BerryEmail author
  • Michael B. Toney
  • Young-Taek Kim
  • John B. Cromartie


Individual level differentials between migrants and nonmigrants are examined to ascertain the likelihood of return migration to a prior residence based on characteristics at the time of departure from place of origin. Analysis focuses on comparisons of Hispanics, blacks and whites, examining the odds of return migration by education, employment status, marital status, home ownership, length of residence, gender, age, and migration interval. The 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY79) is utilized to identify 13,798 preliminary migrations that may be followed by at least one return migration. Findings indicate a sharp decline in propensity to return migrate as length of absence from origin increases. Regardless of length of time since the preliminary migration, both blacks and Hispanics are more likely to return migrate than are whites. Individuals who resided at place of origin for longer periods before leaving had strikingly higher odds for return migration.


Return migration Tempo of migration Race/ethnic Internal migration Repeat migration 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth A. Wilson
    • 1
  • E. Helen Berry
    • 2
    Email author
  • Michael B. Toney
    • 2
  • Young-Taek Kim
    • 3
  • John B. Cromartie
    • 4
  1. 1.Metropolitan State College of DenverDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of Sociology, Social Work and AnthropologyUtah State UniversityLoganUSA
  3. 3.Korean Women’s Development InstituteSeoulKorea
  4. 4.Economic Research Service, USDAWashingtonUSA

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