Transportation and Migrant Adjustment in Georgia
- 268 Downloads
Access to transportation is critical for functioning in modern American society, and minorities disproportionately lack access to transportation. Latinos in Georgia—most of whom are newcomers to this country—are considerably less likely than non-Latino whites to drive alone to and from work because they do not live in households with a car available for personal use. We propose that this factor, along with limited access to alternative modes of transportation, impedes the ability of Georgia’s newest Latino residents to adjust to their new environment. In this study, we examine the impact of limited transportation options on the adjustment experience of recent Latino migrants to Georgia. We document how lack of personal transportation lends itself to a number of social problems including inability to obtain different work or to take advantage of opportunities for advancement. For Latinos who are both recent migrants to Georgia and recent immigrants to the United States, lack of transportation creates an adjustment “bottleneck,” whereby various paths to adaptation are simultaneously impeded. We argue that improving access to driver’s licenses, pedestrian infrastructure, and, in some places, public transportation should be a policy priority for states adjusting to recent influxes of Latino migrants.
KeywordsMigrant adjustment Transportation Spatial mismatch
This work was made possible by a grant from the University of Georgia Research Foundation and the Office of Public Service and Outreach at the University of Georgia. Please direct all correspondence to Stephanie A. Bohon, 907 McClung Tower, Department of Sociology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-0490 or email@example.com.
- Atiles, J. H., & Bohon, S. A. (2002). The needs of Georgia’s new Latinos: A policy agenda for the decade ahead. Athens, GA: The Carl Vinson Institute.Google Scholar
- Atiles J. H., & Bohon, S. A. (2003). Camas calientes: Housing adjustments and barriers to social and economic adaptation among Georgia’s rural Latinos. Southern Rural Sociology, 19(1), 97–22.Google Scholar
- Baider, L., Ever-Hadani, P., & DeNour, A. K. (1996). Crossing new bridges: The process of adaptation and psychological distress of Russian immigrants in Israel. Psychiatry, 59, 75–183.Google Scholar
- Blumenberg, E., & Shiki, K. (2003). How welfare recipients travel on public transit, and their accessibility to employment outside large urban centers. Transportation Quarterly, 57(2), 5–37.Google Scholar
- Bullard, R. D., & Johnson, G. S. (1997). Just transportation: Dismantling race and class barriers to mobility. Gabriola Island, British Columbia, Canada: New Society.Google Scholar
- Casas, J., Arce, C., & Frye, C. (2004). Latino immigration and its impact on future travel behavior. Austin, TX. Retrieved 12 March 2006 at: http://trb.org/conferences/nhts/Casas.pdf.
- Danso, R. K., & Grant, M. R. (2000). Access to housing as an adaptative strategy for immigrant groups: Africans in Calgary. Canadian Ethnic Studies/Etudes Ethniques au Canada, 32(3), 19–43.Google Scholar
- DeKalb County Board of Health, (2004). Buford Highway safety campaign targets both pedestrians and motorists. Atlanta GA. Retrieved 23 August 2005 at: http://www.dekalbhealth.net/information/releases/1-31-02.html.
- Duchon, D. A., & Murphy, A. D. (2001). From Patrones and Caciques to good ole boys. In A. D. Murphy, C. Blanchard, & J. A. Hill (eds.), Latino workers in the contemporary south (pp. 1–9). Athens, GA: University of Georgia.Google Scholar
- Gil, A. G., & Vega, W. A. (1996). Two different worlds: Acculturation stress and adaptation among Cuban and Nicaraguan families in Miami. Journal of Social and Personal Relations, 13, 437–458.Google Scholar
- Giuliano, G. (2003). Travel, location, and race/ethnicity. Transportation Research Part A, 37, 351–372.Google Scholar
- Heisz, A., & Schellenberg, G. (2004). Public transit use among immigrants. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13(1), 170–191.Google Scholar
- Ihlandfeldt, K. R., & Sjoquist, D. L. (1998). The spatial mismatch hypothesis: A review of recent studies and their implications for welfare reform. Housing Policy Debate, 9, 849–892.Google Scholar
- Kain, J. F. (1992). The spatial mismatch hypothesis: Three decades later. Housing Policy Debate, 3(2), 371–460.Google Scholar
- Massey, D. S., & Denton, N. A. (1993). American apartheid: Segregation and the making of the underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- McCombs, B. (1991). Metacognition and motivation in higher level thinking. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
- McCracken, G. (1991). The long interview. Qualitative Research Methods, 13, 1–51.Google Scholar
- Murphy, A. D., Blanchard, C., & Hill, J. A. (2001). Latino workers in the contemporary South. Athens, GA: University of Georgia.Google Scholar
- Myers, D. (1996). Changes over time in transportation mode for journey to work: Effects of aging and immigration. Volume 2: Case studies of the decennial census data for transportation planning. Case Studies and Strategies for 2000 conference proceedings.Google Scholar
- Pucher, J., & Renne, J. L. (2003). Socioeconomics of urban travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS. Transportation Quarterly 57(3), 49–77.Google Scholar
- Purvis, C. (2003). Commuting patterns of immigrants. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation CTPP 2000 Status Report.Google Scholar
- Rotter, J. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcements. Psychological Monographs, 80, 609.Google Scholar
- Schwartz, M., & Jacob, A. E. (2003). DeKalb county pedestrian crash report. Atlanta GA: DeKalb County Board of Health.Google Scholar
- Steuteville, R. (2004). The new urbanism: An alternative to modern, automobile-oriented planning and development. In W. Allen Martin (ed.), The urban community (pp. 106–109). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- U.S. Census Bureau, (2000a). Census 2000, Summary File 4. Washington, DC. Retrieved 23 August 2005 at: http://factfinder.census.gov.
- U.S. Census Bureau, (2000b). Census 2000, Summary File 1. Washington, DC. Retrieved 23 August 2005 at: http://factfinder.census.gov.
- U.S. Census Bureau, (2000c). Census 2000, Summary File 3. Washington DC. Retrieved at: http://factfinder.census.gov.
- Valenzuela, A., Jr. (2003). Planes, trains or camionetas (little buses)? A baseline study of an informal travel mode. Los Angeles. Retrieved 12 March 2006 at: http://www.uctc.net/papers/.
- Valenzuela, A., Jr., Schweitzer, L., & Robles, A. (2005). Camionetas: Informal travel among immigrants. Transportation Research Part A, 39(10), 895–911.Google Scholar
- Veltman, C. (1988). The future of the Spanish language in the United States. Washington, DC: Hispanic Policy Development Project.Google Scholar
- Wilson, W. J. (1996). When work disappears: The world of the new urban poor. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar