Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 201–225 | Cite as

Gender, Social Change, and Living Arrangements Among Older Egyptians During the 1990s

  • Kathryn M. YountEmail author
  • Zeinab Khadr


We compare older Egyptian women’s and men’s propensities to live with unmarried children only, any ever-married children, and alone, and we assess “kin-keeping” versus “modernization” hypotheses about the effects of social change on living arrangements during 1988–2000. Socioeconomic differences among women and men accounted for much of their crude differences in living arrangements during the period. Propensities to live with any ever-married children declined, and propensities to live alone or with unmarried children only rose. Compared to men, women continued to live more often with any ever-married children and less often with unmarried children only, and the 1988 gender gap in solitary residence disappeared by 2000. Increasing coresidential demands from unmarried dependent children, less frequent coresidential support from ever-married children, and rapidly increasing rates of solitary living especially among older men suggest emerging needs for non-coresidential instrumental support, especially among older Egyptians who are economically disadvantaged.


Egypt Gender Living arrangements Social change 



This paper was prepared with support from the Departments of Global Health and Sociology at Emory University and the Social Research Center, American University in Cairo. We appreciate assistance from Ms. Kathryn Kramer in the preparation of this manuscript and take responsibility for any remaining errors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hubert Department of Global Health, The Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Social Research CenterAmerican University in CairoCairoEgypt
  4. 4.Cairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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