Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 145–161 | Cite as

How much does income matter in neighborhood choice?

Article

Abstract

There is a substantial literature on the residential mobility process itself and a smaller contribution on how households make neighborhood choices, especially with respect to racial composition. We extend that literature by evaluating the role of income and socioeconomic status in the neighborhood choice process for minorities. We use individual household data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Study to investigate the comparative choices of white and Hispanic households in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. We show that income and education are important explanations for the likelihood of choosing neighborhoods. But at the same time, own race preferences clearly play a role. While whites with more income choose more white neighborhoods, Hispanics with more income choose less Hispanic neighborhoods. One interpretation is that both groups are translating resources, such as income and education, into residence in whiter and ostensibly, higher status neighborhoods.

Keywords

Education Income Neighborhoods Residential mobility 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to acknowledge the insightful and helpful comments of the editor and two anonymous reviewers, and the availability of the LAFANS data in the California Center for Population Research at HCLA.

References

  1. Alba, R., & Logan, J. (1991). Variation on two themes: Racial and ethnic patterns in attainment of suburban residence. Demography, 28, 431–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alba, R., & Logan, J. (1993). Minority proximity to whites in suburbs: An individual-level analysis of segregation. American Journal Of Sociology, 98(6), 1388–1427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alba, R., Logan, J., & Stults, B. (2000). The changing neighborhood contexts of the immigrant metropolis. Social Forces, 29(2), 587–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alba, R., & Nee, V. (1997). Rethinking assimilation theory for a new era of immigration. International Migration Review, 31, 826–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Allen, J., & Turner, E. (2002). Changing faces, changing places: Mapping Southern Californians. Northridge, CA: Center for Geographical Studies, California State University.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, W. A. V. (1992). Residential preferences and residential choices in a multi-ethnic context. Demography, 30, 451–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clark, W. A. V. (2002). Ethnic preferences and ethnic perceptions in multi-ethnic settings. Urban Geography, 23, 237–256.Google Scholar
  8. Clark, W. A. V., & Blue, S. (2004). Race, class and segregation patterns in U.S. immigrant gateway cities. Urban Affairs Review, 39, 667–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clark, W. A. V., & Dieleman, F. (1996). Households and housing: Choice and outcomes in the housing market. Rutgers University, Center for Urban Policy Research.Google Scholar
  10. Clark, W. A. V., & Ware, J. (1997). Trends in residential integration by socioeconomic status in Southern California. Urban Affairs Review, 32(6), 825–843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Denton, N. (1996). The persistence of segregation links between residential segregation and school segregation. Minnesota Law Review, 80, 795–824.Google Scholar
  12. Dowding, K., John, P., & Biggs, S. (1994). Tiebout: A survey of the empirical literature. Urban Studies, 31, 767–797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ellen, I. G., Schill, M. H., Susin, S., & Schwartz, A. E. (2000). Do homeownership programs increase property values in low income neighborhoods? Working paper, New York University School of Law.Google Scholar
  14. Ellen, I. G., & Turner, M. A. (1997). Does neighborhood matter? Assessing recent evidence. Housing Policy Debate, 8(4), 833–866.Google Scholar
  15. Emerson, M., Yancey, G., & Chai, K. (2001). Does race matter in residential segregation? Exploring the preferences of white Americans. American Sociological Review, 66, 922–935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Farley, J. (1995). Race still matters: The minimal role of income and housing cost as causes of housing segregation in St. Louis 1990. Urban Affairs Review, 31, 244–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fischer, M. (2003). The relative importance of income and race in determining residential outcomes in U.S. urban areas, 1970–2000. Urban Affairs Review, 38, 669–696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Portes, A., & Zhou, M. (1993). The new second generation: Segmented assimilation and its variants. Annals of the Academy of Political and Social Science, 530, 74–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rosenbaum, E., Friedman, S., Schill, M., & Buddelmeyer, H. (1999) Nativity differences in neighborhood quality among New York City households. Housing Policy Debate, 10, 625–658.Google Scholar
  20. Quillian, L. (1999). Migration patterns and the growth of high-poverty neighborhoods, 1970–1990. American Journal of Sociology, 105(1), 1–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sastry, N., Ghosh-Dastidar, B., Adams, J., & Pebley, A. (2003). The design of a multilevel survey of children, families, and communities: The Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey. RAND working paper. Retrieved from DRU-2400/1-1-LAFANS.Google Scholar
  22. South, S., & Crowder, K. (1997). Escaping distressed neighborhoods: Individual, community and metropolitan influences. American Journal of Sociology, 102, 1040–1084.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. South, S., & Crowder, K. (1998). Housing discrimination and residential mobility: Impacts for blacks and whites. Population Research and Policy Review, 17, 369–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. St. John, C., & Clymer, R. (2000). Racial residential segregation by level of socioeconomic status. Social Science Quarterly, 81, 701–716.Google Scholar
  25. Suro, R., & Singer, A. (2002). Latino growth in metropolitan America: Changing patterns, new locations. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute, Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy.Google Scholar
  26. Tiebout, C. (1956). A pure theory of local expenditures. Journal of Political Economy, 64, 416–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wright, R., & Ellis, M. (2000). Race, region, and the territorial politics of immigration in the US. International Journal of Population Geography, 6, 197–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographyNational University of IrelandGalwayIreland

Personalised recommendations