Population and Environment

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 29–61 | Cite as

Environmentalism and Contraceptive Use: How people in less developed settings approach environmental issues

  • Dirgha J. GhimireEmail author
  • Paul Mohai

The rise in environmental concerns around the globe has prompted increasing research on the links between such concerns and behavior. However, most studies have focused on pro-environmental behaviors in affluent western societies, such as willingness to pay for environmental protection, pro-environmental political actions, and consumption patterns. Using multiple data sets from the Chitwan Valley Family Study in Nepal, this paper examines the impact of environmental perceptions on contraceptive use in a rural agricultural setting. The results of our analyses show that perceptions about certain aspects of the environment are related to individuals' subsequent use of contraceptives. Specifically, those individuals who think that their environment—agricultural productivity—has deteriorated are more likely to use contraceptives than those who think that their environment has improved or has remained about the same. This study thus provides a first step in our understanding of the relationships between environmental perceptions and fertility behavior in a less developed setting.

Key words

environmental perceptions environmental concern environmental behavior contraceptive use rural agricultural societies Nepal 



This research was supported by two grants from the national Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Grant # R01 HD31982 and Grant # R01-HD33551) and a center grant from the Fogarty International Center to Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan. The authors would like to thank Scott Yabiku and Cathy Sun for their support in programming. We also like to thank William G. Axinn (PI) and Ann Biddlecom for their contribution to the research reported here.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Population Studies Center, Institute for Social ResearchUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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