Photonic Network Communications

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 204–211 | Cite as

Design and analysis of an ID-updated mutual authentication protocol for mobile RFID system

  • Yang XuEmail author
  • Jinsha Yuan
Original Paper


With comprehensive applications of radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology in Internet of things, more and more mobile reader devices are utilized. However, in mobile RFID system the readers are not considered trustworthy as usual; thus, an authentication protocol with the mutual authentication ability is demanded; that is, the tag can authenticate the reader when necessary. In this paper, the one-way Hash is used to realize the mutual authentication between RFID tags, readers and application servers. Meanwhile, to solve the tracking attacks of tags, the ID update ability is proposed. The IDs of the RFID tags used in this protocol are variable and traceable. Besides, the out-of-synchronous mechanism and anti-collision mechanism are also designed for the ID-updating stage. BAN logic is used to prove the security of the protocol, and the communication cost simulations of several protocols are carried out and comparisons are then made. Through the security and comparisons performance analysis of various protocols, the proposed protocol is proved to require for a smaller storage space and lower operation cost. What is more, it can resist multiple attacks, which can meet the requirements of the security and privacy of RFID system for the mobile environment.


Mobile RFID system Mutual authentication protocol ID-updating Hash BAN logic 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina

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