Advertisement

Photonic Network Communications

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 532–542 | Cite as

Survivable routing, spectrum and waveband assignment strategy in cloud Optical and Data Center Network

  • Shan YinEmail author
  • Shanguo Huang
  • Yu Zhou
  • Haibin Huang
  • Jie Zhang
  • Wanyi Gu
Article

Abstract

These years, data centers are developing quickly and cloud Optical and Data Center Network (ODCN) has been shown to be the most viable solution for inter-data-center network implementation with less energy consumption and higher transmit rate. At the same time, elastic optical networks and waveband switching can address the problems caused by dramatic increase in network scale. In cloud hierarchical ODCN with flexible spectrum and waveband switching, survivability is an important and complex issue which is needed to be researched. So, we study the survivable routing, spectrum and waveband assignment strategy in cloud hierarchical ODCN, and in this paper, a novel hierarchical shared-protection (HSP) strategy is proposed. We consider spectrum fragmentation, waveband and shared-protection simultaneously. By quantifying the influence of spectrum assignment and the emergence of fragmentation, slots are assigned to the optimal paths. In order to share protection resource or wavebands, a heuristics algorithm named HSPGA is proposed for optimally picking out the two protection paths. Simulation results show that the proposed HSP strategy decreased the amount of employed ports significantly. In addition, the spectrum efficiency is improved.

Keywords

Survivability Waveband Optical and Data Center Network Routing, spectrum and waveband assignment Shared-protection 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported in part by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Nos. 61205058 and 61331008), the Hi-Tech Research and Development Program of China (863 Program) (No. 2012AA011302), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12- 0793), the Beijing Nova Program (No. 2011065), and the China Post Doctoral Science Foundation (No. 2015M570979).

References

  1. 1.
    Cisco Global Cloud Index: Forecast and Methodology 2013–2018 White Paper (2014) http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/global-cloud-index-gci/Cloud_Index_White_Paper.html
  2. 2.
    Wu, Y., Tornatore, M., Thota, S., Mukherjee, B.: Renewable-Energy-Aware Data Center Placement. In: Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC, 2015, Th2A.49Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hou, W., Guo, L., Wei, X., et al.: Virtual network planning for converged optical network and data centers: Ideas and challenges. IEEE Netw. Mag. 27(6), 52–58 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hou, W., Guo, L.: Hybrid cloud rendering-oriented virtual network embedding in Optical and Data Center Networks. In: International conference on optical internet. IEEE, 2014, TB1-1Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yu, C., Hou, W., et al.: Virtual concatenation-based elastic network embedding for inter-cloud-data-center networks, In: Proceedings of ICC, pp. 1–7, 2015Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gringeri, S., Basch, B., Shukla, V., Egorov, R., Xia, T.J.: Verizon Laboratories: Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks. IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Klekamp, A., Rival, O., Morea, A., Dischler, R., Buchali, F.: Transparent WDM network with bitrate tunable optical OFDM transponders. In: Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2010, paper NTuB5Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wan, X., Wang, L., Hua, N., Zhang, H., Zheng, X.: Dynamic routing and spectrum assignment in flexible optical path networks. In: Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2011, paper JWA055Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, Y., Cao, X.: Adaptive waveband switching in WDM networks. In: Conference on optical fiber communication, collocated national fiber optic engineers conference. IEEE, 2010: JThA21Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang, Q., et al.: Survivable resource orchestration for optically interconnected data center networks. Opt. Express 22(1), 23–29 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xiao, J., et al.: Scalable Data Center Networks for Future Large-Scale. In: Proceedings of ACP, 2014, AW4G.2Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Guo, B., Huang, S., Luo, P., Huang, H.T., Zhang, J., Wanyi, G.: Dynamic survivable mapping in IP over WDM network. J. Lightwave Technol. 29(9), 1274–1284 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liu, M., Tornatore, M., Mukherjee, B.: Survivable traffic grooming in elastic optical networks—shared protection. J. Lightwave Technol. 31(6), 903–909 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shao, X., Yeo, Y., Xu, Z., Cheng, X., Zhou, L.: Shared-path protection in OFDM-based optical networks with elastic bandwidth allocation. In: Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2012, paper OTh4B.4Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tucker, R.S.: Green optical communications part II: energylimitations in networks. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 245–260 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kachris, C., Tomkos, I.: A survey on optical interconnects for data centers. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 14(4), 1021–1036 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hou, W., Guo, L., Wei, X.: Robust and integrated grooming for power- and port-cost-efficient design in IP over WDM networks. Lightwave Technol. J. 29(20), 3035–3047 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wang, Yang, Cao, Xiaojun: A study of dynamic waveband switching in multi-granular optical networks. Opt. Commun. Netw. IEEE/OSA J. 3(5), 390–398 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yamada, Y., et al.: Colorless/directionless/contentionless optical add/drop architecture applying waveband technologies and colorless mux/demux. In: Optical fiber communication conference & exposition (2012):JTh2A.44Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ishii, K., Mitsui, S., Hasegawa, H., et al.: Development of hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems employing wavelength/waveband selective switches. J. Opt. Commun. Netw. IEEE/OSA 3(7), 559–567 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Džanko, M., Furdek, M., Zervas, G., Simeonidou, D.: Evaluating availability of optical networks based on self-healing network function programmable ROADMs. J. Opt. Commun. Netw. IEEE/OSA 6(11), 974–987 (2014)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fiorani, M., Aleksic, S., Casoni, M.: Hybrid optical switching for data center networks. J. Electr. Comput. Eng. (2014). doi: 10.1155/2014/139213
  23. 23.
    Kozicki, B., Takara, H., Tsukishima, Y., et al.: Experimental demonstration of spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network (SLICE). Opt. Express, 18(21), 22105–22118 (2010)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lin, H.: Waveband-tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser. Appl. Opt. 49(14), 2653 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Takaha, K., et al.: Development of ultra-compact \(8\times 8\) waveband cross-connect. In: Optoelectronics & communications conference held jointly with international conference on photonics in switching (2013): WT2-3Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Simeonidou, D., et al.: Software defined optical networks technology and infrastructure: enabling software-defined optical network operations. In: Optical fiber communication conference and exposition and the national fiber optic engineers conference. IEEE, 2013: OTh1H.3Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Jinno, M.: Virtualization in optical networks: from elastic networking level to sliceable equipment level. In: Proceedings of COIN, pp. 61–62, (2012)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hou, W., Yu, C., Zong, Y.: A novel dynamic virtual infrastructure planning for converged optical network and data centers under power outage and evolving recovery. Opt. Switch. Netw. 14, 209–216 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhao, X., Vusirikala, V., Koley, B., et al.: The prospect of inter-data-center optical networks. IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(9), 32–38 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhao, Y., et al.: Experimental performance evaluation of software defined networking (SDN) based data communication networks for large scale flexi-grid optical networks. Opt. Express 22(8), 9538 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ye, Z., Patel, A., Ji, P., et al.: Survivable virtual infrastructure mapping with dedicated protection in transport software-defined networks [Invited]. Opt. Commun. Netw. IEEE/OSA J. 7(2), A183–A189 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
    Jinno, M., Takara, H., Kozicki, B.: Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies. IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(6), 66–73 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Casellas, R., et al.: SDN orchestration of openflow and GMPLS flexi-grid networks with a stateful hierarchical PCE. J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A106–A117 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wang, Y., Cao, X., Pan, Y.: A study of the routing and spectrum allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, pp. 1503–1511 (2011)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wan, Xin, Hua, Nan, Zheng, Xiaoping: Dynamic routing and spectrum assignment in spectrum-flexible transparent optical networks. J. Opt. Commun. Netw 4(11), 603–613 (2012)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yin, S., Huang, S., Zhang, M., et al.: Dynamic routing, modulation level and spectrum allocation (RMLSA) in FWDM with modulation format conversion. Opt. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 125(11), 2597–2601 (2014)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zhang, J., Subramaniam, S., Brandt-Pearce, M.: Virtual topology mapping in elastic optical networks. In: Proceedings of ICC, pp. 1–5, (2013)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ju, W., Huang, S., Guo, B., Xu, Z., He, Y., Min, Z., Zhang, J., Gu, W.: Node handling capacity based spectrum fragmentation evaluation scheme in flexible grid optical networks. In: Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2013, paper OW3A.6Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Huang, S., Zhou, Y., Yin, S., Kong, Q., Zhang, M., Zhao, Y., et al.: Fragmentation assessment based on-line routing and spectrum allocation for intra-data-center networks with centralized control. Opt. Switch. Netw. 14(8), 274–281 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Yamada, Y., Hasegawa, H., Sato, K.: Survivable hierarchical optical path networks employing waveband and wavelength path protection. In: Conference on optical fiber communication-incudes post deadline papers. IEEE, 2009: OWY3Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Hai-Chau, LE., et al.: Hybrid hierarchical optical path network design algorithm with 2-stage ILP optimization. In: Asia communications & photonics conference & exhibition. IEEE, pp. 33–34, 2010Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Huang, Shanguo, Guo, Bingli, Li, Xin, Zhang, Jie, Zhao, Yongli, Gu, Wanyi: Pre-configured polyhedron based protection against multi-link failures in optical mesh networks. Opt. Express 22(3), 2386–2402 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Li, X., Huang, S., Zhang, J., Zhao, Y., Gu, W.: k-Regular and k-(edge)-connected protection structures in optical transport networks. In: Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2013, paper JW2A.03Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Shao, X., Yeo, Y.-K., Xu, Z., Cheng, X., Zhou, L.: Shared-path protection in OFDM-based optical networks with elastic bandwidth allocation. In: Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2012, paper OTh4B.4Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Patel, A.N., Ji, P.N., Jue, J.P., Wang, T.: Survivable transparent Flexible optical WDM (FWDM) networks. In: Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2011, paper OTuI2Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Palkopoulou, E., Stiakogiannakis, I., Klonidis, D., Christodoulopoulos, K., Varvarigos, E., Gerstel, O., Tomkos, I.: Dynamic cooperative spectrum sharing in elastic networks. In: Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2013, paper JTh2A.63Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Liu, M., Tornatore, M., Mukherjee, B.: Survivable traffic grooming in elastic optical networks-shared protection. J. Lightwave Technol. 31(6), 903–909 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Goldberg, D.E.: Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Boston (1989). InczbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shan Yin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shanguo Huang
    • 1
  • Yu Zhou
    • 1
  • Haibin Huang
    • 1
  • Jie Zhang
    • 1
  • Wanyi Gu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical CommunicationsBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations