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Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 58, Issue 5–6, pp 334–340 | Cite as

Interaction of Single-Crystalline Metal Fluorides with Titanium-Containing Melts

  • V.P. KrasovskyyEmail author
Article
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The wetting of solid titanium substrates with liquid lithium and magnesium fluorides was studied by the sessile drop method in 1 · 10–3 Pa vacuum at 1173 and 1553 K, respectively. Titanium and fluorine were found to actively interact in the systems to change the titanium substrate surface profile, leading to a ‘crater’ in the contact area. The ‘solid titanium–liquid magnesium fluoride’ interfacial geometry was examined and confirmed the potential to form gaseous products in the titanium–fluorine interaction. Such gaseous compounds prevent the wetting of alkaline-earth metal fluorides with titanium-containing melts at temperatures above 1400 K. This allows the materials made of alkaline-earth metal fluorides to be used as refractories for high-temperature melting, longterm homogenization, and casting of alloys with a high content of Ti, Zr, Hf, Nb, and V.

Keywords

contact interaction liquid lithium and magnesium fluorides solid titanium substrates gaseous titanium fluorides wetting 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials ScienceNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

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