Advertisement

Effect of Sensitization on Electroless Nickel Plating of MoS2 Nanoparticles

  • P. Eashwar Siddharth
  • P. Aravind
  • K. Dhanapal
  • N. Arunkumar
  • A. StephenEmail author
Article
  • 7 Downloads

In this work, the surface of MoS2 particles has been coated with Ni using the electroless plating method as it is relatively efficient and cost effective. Two samples were synthesised, one of them was sensitized using Sn (ultrasonically dispersed for 30 min in a 24-hour aged bath comprising 0.1 M SnCl2 and 0.1 M HCl) and the other was not sensitized. The effect of the sensitization process on nickel coating over MoS2 particle surface was studied. XRD pattern of as-deposited surface of the sensitized and non-sensitized samples shows the absence of Ni phase while the annealed samples confirm the presence of Ni in fcc structural phase along with MoS2 phase. The surface morphology of all samples is observed using FESEM and it is observed that the treatment with Sn forms a uniform coating over MoS2 particles whereas the non-sensitized sample shows an irregular coating of Ni over MoS2 particles.

Keywords

electroless deposition surface sensitization structural morphology 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Authors would like to acknowledge IITM, SAIF for FESEM measurement.

References

  1. 1.
    N. Chawla, and Y.L. Shen, “Mechanical behavior of particle reinforced metal matrix composites,” Adv. Eng. Mater., 3, No. 6, 357–370 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Suresha and B.K. Sridhara, “Effect of addition of graphite particulates on the wear behaviour in aluminium–silicon carbide–graphite composites,” Mater. Design, 31, No. 4, 1804–1812 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N.G.S. Kumar, V.M. Ravindranath, and G.S.S. Shankar, “Mechanical and wear behaviour of aluminium metal matrix hybrid composites,” Procedia Mater. Sci., 5, 908–917 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.J. Clauss, Solid Lubricants and Self-Lubricating Solids, Academic Press, New York (1972), p. 274.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Estrada-Guel, C. Carreño-Gallardo, J.L. Cardoso-Cortés, E. Rocha-Rangel, J.M. Herrera-Ramírez, and R. Martínez-Sánchez, “Effect of metallic addition on mechanical properties in an aluminum–graphite composite synthesized by means of mechanical milling,” J. Alloy. Compd., 495, No. 2, 403–407 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Chen, and A.T. Alpas, “Wear of aluminium matrix composites reinforced with nickel-coated carbon fibres,” Wear, 192, Nos. 1–2, 186–198 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Palaniappa, G.V. Babu, and K. Balasubramanian, “Electroless nickel–phosphorus plating on graphite powder,” Mater. Sci. Eng.: A, 471, Nos. 1–2, 165–168 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    X. Xu, Z.D. Cui, S.L. Zhu, Y.Q. Liang, and X.J. Yang, “Preparation of nickel-coated graphite by electroless plating under mechanical or ultrasonic agitation,” Surf. Coatings Tech., 240, 425–431 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Zhang, K. Han, and L. Cheng, "The effect of SiC particles added in electroless Ni–P plating solution on the properties of composite coatings,” Surf. Coatings Tech., 202, No. 12, 2807–2812 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. Rajkumar and S. Aravindan, “Tribological studies on microwave sintered copper–carbon nanotube composites,” Wear, 270, No. 9, 613–621 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.T. Jiang, L. Zhen, C.Y. Xu, and X.L. Wu, "Microstructure and magnetic properties of SiC/Co composite particles prepared by electroless plating", Surf. Coatings Tech., 201, No. 6, 3139–3146 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S.L. Zhu, L. Tang, Z.D. Cui, Q. Wei, and X.J. Yang, ”Preparation of copper-coated β-SiC nanoparticles by electroless plating,” Surf. Coatings Tech., 205, Nos. 8–9, 2985–2988 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Luo, Y. Wu, J. Li, and Y. Zheng, “Preparation of nickel-coated tungsten carbide powders by room temperature ultrasonic-assisted electroless plating,” Surf. Coatings Tech., 206, No. 6, 1091-1095 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D.G. Flom, A.J. Haltner, and C.A. Gaulin, “Friction and cleavage of lamellar solids in ultrahigh vacuum,” ASLE Trans., 8, No. 2, 133–145 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Dhanapal, T.A. Revathy, M.A. Raj, V. Narayanan, and A. Stephen, “Magnetic anisotropy studies on pulsed electrodeposited Ni/Ag/Ni trilayer,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 313, 698–703 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Eashwar Siddharth
    • 1
  • P. Aravind
    • 1
  • K. Dhanapal
    • 2
  • N. Arunkumar
    • 1
  • A. Stephen
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSt. Joesph’s College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Materials Science Centre, Department of Nuclear PhysicsUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations