Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 57, Issue 3–4, pp 235–241 | Cite as

The Particle Size Effect of Air-Exposed Zr–Mn–Cr–Ni–V Alloy on the Cyclic Resistance of Electrodes for Metal Hydride Batteries

  • Yu. M. Solonin
  • O. Z. GaliyEmail author
  • K. A. Grayvoronska
  • A. V. Sameljuk
  • I. A. Polishko

The influence of the particle size and porosity of electrodes on their cyclic resistance was studied. It is found that the particle size influences the cyclic resistance of electrodes compacted from the air-exposed Zr–Mn–Cr–Ni–V alloy powder, while this effect is negligible for electrodes made of the unexposed powder. The maximum resistance is shown by electrodes with the smallest particle size. Treatment of the electrodes in a 30% KOH solution improves their activation and hardly affects their cyclic resistance. Decrease of the binder content from 5 to 3% increases the maximum discharge capacity of the electrodes and slightly improves the cyclic resistance. Increase in the binder content from 5 to 10% reduces the porosity of the electrodes, which leads to their faster failure. According to X-ray diffraction, the phase composition and crystallite size of the alloy powders with particles smaller than 100 μm and with 70–50 μm and 50–40 μm particles after exposure in air for 10 days at room temperature remained unchanged.


zirconium alloy hydrogenation exposure in air 


  1. 1.
    Kim Soo-Ryoung and Lee Jai-Young, “Electrode characteristics of C14-type Zr-based Laves phase alloys,” J. Alloys Compd., 210, 109–113 (1994).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. P. Jain, “Hydrogen the fuel for 21st century energy,” J. Hydrogen Energy, 34, 7368–7377 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee Sang-Min, Kim Seang-Hoe, and Lee Jai-Young, “A study on the electrode characteristics of Zr-based alloy by ball-milling process as an anode material for Ni–MH rechargeable batteries,” J. Alloys Compd., 330332, 796–801 (2002).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yanhui Xu, Changpin Chen, Xiaolin Wang, et al., “The influence of relative content of Ti and Zr on the electrochemical behavior of Laves phase alloy,” J. Hydrogen Energy, 32, 1716–1720 (2007).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. F. Zhu, H. G. Pan, M. X. Gao, et al., “The effect of Zr substitution for Ti on the microstructures and electrochemical properties of electrode alloys Ti1−xZrxV1.6Mn0.32Cr0.48Ni0.6,” J. Hydrogen Energy, 27, 287–293 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shu-Jun Qiu, Hai-Liang Chu, Jian Zhang, et al., “Effect of La partial substitution for Zr on the Structural and electrochemical properties of Ti0.17Zr0.08–xLaxV0.35Cr0.1Ni0.3 (x = 0–0.04) electrode alloys,” J. Hydrogen Energy, 34, 7246–7252 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    He Miao, Mingxia Gao, Yongfeng Liu, et al., “Microstructure and electrochemical properties of Ti–Vbased multiphase hydrogen storage electrode alloys Ti0.8Zr0.2V2.7Mn0.5Cr0.8−xNi1.25Fex (x = 0.0–0.8),” J. Hydrogen Energy, 32, 3947–3953 (2007).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. C. Sun, S. Li, and S. J. Ji, “Phase composition and electrochemical performances of the Zr1–xTixCr0.4Mn0.2V0.1Ni1.3 alloys with 0.1 < x < 0.3,” J. Alloys Compd., 404–406, 687–690 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gao Xueping, Song Deying, and Zhang Yunshi, “Electrochemical and surface properties of the Zr (V0.2Mn0.2Ni0.6)2.4 alloy electrode,” J. Alloys Compd., 229, 268–273 (1995).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Z. P. Li, B. H. Liu, K. Hitaka, and S. Suda, “Effects of surface structure of fluorinated AB2 alloys on their electrodes and battery performances,” J. Alloys Compd., 330–332, 776–781 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lu Li, Wenjiao Wang, and Xiulin Fan, “Microstructure and electrochemical behavior of Cr-added V2.1TiNi0.4Zr0.06Cr0.152 hydrogen storage electrode alloy,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 32, 2434–2438 (2007).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yu. M. Solonin, O. Z. Galiy, K. O. Graivoronska, and O. Yu. Khizhun, “Effect of oxidation on the surface state and electrode capacity of the Zr–Mn–Ni–Cr–V alloy,” Fiz. Khim. Mekh. Mater., 2, 24–30 (2017).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. M. Antonova, T. I. Bratanich, S. N. Endrzheevska, et al., “Composite materials based on hydrogenating intermetallic compounds,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 26, No. 2, 148–151 (1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu. M. Solonin
    • 1
  • O. Z. Galiy
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. A. Grayvoronska
    • 1
  • A. V. Sameljuk
    • 1
  • I. A. Polishko
    • 1
  1. 1.Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials ScienceNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

Personalised recommendations