Advertisement

Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 57, Issue 3–4, pp 154–160 | Cite as

Effect of Spark Plasma Sintering on the Structure and Compressive Strength of Porous Nickel

  • Wei Feng
  • Qingyuan Wang
  • Qingquan KongEmail author
  • Chenghua Sun
  • Xiaodong Zhu
THEORY AND TECHNOLOGY OF SINTERING, THERMAL AND THERMOCHEMICAL TREATMENT

The effect of the temperature and time of spark plasma sintering (SPS) of a nickel powder on the structure of obtained samples of porous nickel was studied, and their mechanical strength under compression was evaluated. Based on the results of the experiments, it was found that spark plasma sintering the nickel powder at a temperature of 480°C with a holding time of 4 minutes enables to obtain samples with a porosity of 78.8%, having a structural performance and a compressive strength exceeding 1 MPa.

Keywords

spark plasma sintering porous nickel material structure compressive strength 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the Open Research Subject of Key Laboratory of Special material and preparation technologyGrant No. szjj2017-062) and the Applied Basic Research Programs of Sichuan province (Grant No. 2018JY0062) and the Natural Science and Technology Research Projects of Chengdu (Grant No. 2015-HM01-00385-SF) and the National Natural Science Research Foundation of China (Grant No. 11572057) and the Key Fund Project of Sichuan Provincial Department of Education (Grant No. 16ZA0389) and The National College Students’ innovation and entrepreneurship training programs (Grant No. 201711079001).

References

  1. 1.
    C. Y. Zhao, S. A. Tassou, and T. J. Lu, “Analytical considerations of thermal radiation in cellular metal foams with open cells,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 51, No. 3, 929–940 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. L. Cao, J. Liu, F. Ji, et al., “Electrodeposited Ni–S intermetallic compound film electrodes for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline solutions,” Mater. Letters, 64, No. 3, 261–263 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    I. Herraiz-Cardona, E. Ortega, L. Vazquez-Gomez, et al., “Double-template fabrication of three-dimensional porous nickel electrodes for hydrogen evolution reaction,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 37, No. 3, 2147–2156 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    X. H. Xia, J. P. Tu, X. L. Wang, et al., “Hierarchically porous NiO film grown by chemical bath deposition via a colloidal crystal template as an electrochemical pseudo capacitor material,” J. Mater. Chem., 21, No. 3, 671–679 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Liang, X. Z. Tang, W. C. Hu, et al., “High-performance three-dimensional nanoporous NiO film as a supercapacitor electrode,” J. Mater. Chem., 22, No. 22 11062–11067 (2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Vu, Y. Q. Qian, A. Stein, et al., “Porous electrode materials for lithium–ion batteries: How to prepare them and what makes them special,” Adv. Energy Mater., 2, No. 2, 1056–1085 (2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. X. Dong, Y. H. He, Y. Jiang, et al., “Effect of Al content on porous Ni–Al alloys,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 528, No. 13, 4849–4855(2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Bansiddhi and D. C. Dunand, “Shape-memory NiTi foams produced by replication of NaCl spaceholders,” Acta Biomater., 4, No. 6, 1996–2007 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Chen and F. Y. Cheng, “Combination of lightweight elements and nanostructured materials for batteries,” Acc. Chem. Res., 42, No. 5, 713–723 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. C. Qiu, L. W. Yang, X. Qi, et al., “Fabrication of ordered NiO coated Si nanowire array films as electrodes for a high-performance lithium–ion battery,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2, No. 12, 3614–3618 (2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. P. Yuan, J. G. Li, Q. Shen, et al., “In situ synthesis and sintering of ZrB2 porous ceramics by the spark plasma sintering–reactive synthesis (SPS–RS) method,” Int. J. Refrac. Met. Hard Mater., 34, No. 9, 3–7 (2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Yang, G. Duan, and W. Cai, “Controllable fabrication and tunable magnetism of nickel nanostructured ordered porous arrays,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, No. 10, 3973–3977 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Kang, H. F. Lu, S. Yuan, et al., “Superhydrophilicity/superhydrophobicity of nickel micro-arrays fabricated by electroless deposition on an etched porous aluminum template,” Chem. Eng. J., 203, No. 1, 1–8 (2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Tong, J. Guan, Z. Xiao, et al., “In situ generated H2 bubble-engaged assembly: A one-step approach for shape-controlled growth of Fe nanostructures,” Chem. Mater., 20, No. 10, 3535–3539 (2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    U. Dahlborg, C. M. Bao, M. Calvo-Dahlborg, et al., “Structure and microstructure of leached Raney-type Al-Ni powders,” J. Mater. Sci., 44, No. 17, 4653–4660 (2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. Devred, A. H. Gieske, N. Adkins, U. Dahlborg, et al., “Influence of phase composition and particle size of atomized Ni-Al alloy samples on the catalytic performance of Raney-type nickel catalysts,” Appl. Catalysis A: General, 356, No. 7, 154–161 (2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Leventis, N. Chandrasekaran, A. G. Sadekar, et al., “One-pot synthesis of interpenetrating inorganic/organic networks of CuO/resorcinol-formaldehyde aerogels: nanostructured energetic materials,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131, No. 13, 4576–4577 (2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. Erri and A. Varma, “Diffusional effects in nickel oxide reduction kinetics,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 48, No. 1, 4–6 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Erri, J. Nader, and A. Varma, “Controlling combustion wave propagation for transition metal/alloy/cermet foam synthesis,” Adv. Mater., 20, No. 7 1243–1245 (2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Q. Z. Wang, C. X. Cui, S. J. Liu, et al, “Open-celled porous Cu prepared by replication of NaCl spaceholders,” Mater. Sci. Eng.: A, 527, Nos. 4–5, 1275–1278 (2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. Meng, L. Ying, L. Guangda, et al, “Preparation and dynamic deuterium gas loading of highly porous palladium bulks,” Int. J. Hydr. Energy, 18, No. 32, 5033–5038 (2007).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Sokol, S. Kalabukhov, M. P. Dariel, et al., „High-pressure spark plasma sintering (SPS) of transparent polycrystalline magnesium aluminate spinel (PMAS),” J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 34, No. 16, 4305–4310 (2014.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. Yang, Y. Du, J. S. Hu, J. C. Zhang, et al, “Preparation of porous-metal nickel,” Dev. Appl. Mater.,14, No. 1, 5–8 (1992.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Meng Li, “Preparation of porous nickel bulk catalyst by spark plasma sintering process,” Rare Met. Mater. Eng., 39, No. 10, 1858–1862 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Feng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qingyuan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qingquan Kong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Chenghua Sun
    • 3
  • Xiaodong Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Research InstituteChengdu UniversityChengduP.R. China
  2. 2.College of Architecture and EnvironmentSichuan UniversityChengduP.R. China
  3. 3.School of ChemistryMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia

Personalised recommendations