Advertisement

Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 55, Issue 9–10, pp 596–602 | Cite as

Properties of Cr–C–Al2O3 Deposits Prepared on a Cu Substrate Using Cr3+-Based Plating Baths

  • Ching An Huang
  • Jhih You Chen
  • Chin Huo Chuang
  • Joachim Mayer
Article
  • 61 Downloads

Cr–C–Al2O3 deposits with different Al2O3 concentrations were successfully prepared on a Cu substrate from Cr3+-based electroplating baths. The microstructures of the Cr–C–Al2O3 deposits were examined using optical, scanning, and transmission electron microscopes. The hardness values, the corrosion and wear resistance of the Cr–C and Cr–C–Al2O3 deposited specimens were evaluated. Based on the experimental results, Al2O3 nanoparticles were uniformly distributed within the Cr–C deposits after electroplating in a Cr3+-based plating bath. The hardness values of the Cr–C–Al2O3 deposits increased with the Al2O3 concentration in the electroplating bath. The corrosion resistance of the Cr–C-deposited specimens could be noticeably improved by adding Al2O3 nanoparticles to the deposit. This is attributed to decrease in the number of cracks in the Cr–C specimens codeposited with Al2O3 nanoparticles. According to the transmission electron microscopy study, the crack-reduction mechanism in the Cr–C–Al2O3 deposits was proposed. The Cr–C–Al2O3 deposited specimen, which was prepared in an electroplating bath with an Al2O3 concentration of 50 g/L, had a relatively high corrosion resistance compared to the other specimens.

Keywords

Cr–C–Al2O3deposits electroplating Cu substrate Cr3+-based plating bath Al2O3nanoparticles corrosion resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the National Science Council of the Republic of China (ROC) for their support of this work under Contract No.: 98-2221-E-182-016-MY2.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Goldoni, A. Caglieri, D. Poli, et al., “Determination of hexavalent chromium in exhaled breath condensate and environmental air among chrome plating workers,” Anal. Chim. Acta, 562, 229–235 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Podgoric, B. J. Jones, R. Bulpett, et al., “Diamond-like carbon/epoxy low-friction coatings to replace electroplated chromium,” Wear, 267, 996–1001 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Sahraoui, N. Fenineche, G. Montavon, et al., “Alternative to chromium: characteristics and wear behavior of HVOF coatings for gas turbine shafts repair (heavy-duty),” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 152, 43–55 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. B. Song and D.-T. Chin, “Current efficiency and polarization behavior of trivalent chromium electrodeposition process,” Electrochim. Acta, 48, 349–356 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. C. Kwon, M. Kim, S. U. Park, et al., “Characterization of intermediate Cr–C layer fabricated by electrodeposition in hexavalent and trivalent chromium baths,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 183, 151–156 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. W. Chien, C. L. Liu, F. J. Chen, et al., “Microstructure and properties of carbon–sulfur-containing chromium deposits electroplated in trivalent chromium baths with thiosalicylic acid,” Electrochim. Acta, 72, 74–80 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. A. Huang, Y. W. Liu, C. Yu, et al., “Role of carbon in the chromium deposit electroplated from a trivalent chromium-based bath,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 205, 3461–3466 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. A. Huang, Y. W. Liu, and C. H. Chuang, “The hardening mechanism of a chromium–carbon deposit electroplated from a trivalent chromium-based bath,” Thin Solid Films, 517, 4902–4904 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. X. Chen, J. P. Tu, H. Y. Gan, et al., “Electroless preparation and tribological properties of Ni–P–Carbon nanotube composite coatings under lubricated condition,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 160, 68–73 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    I. Lyo, H. Ahn, and D. Lim, “Microstructure and tribological properties of plasma-sprayed chromium oxide–molybdenum oxide composite coatings,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 163–164, 413–421 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Borkar and S. P. Harimkar, “Effect of electrodeposition conditions and reinforcement content on microstructure and tribological properties of nickel composite coatings,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 205, 4124–4134 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Du, B. Xu, S. Dong, et al., “Preparation, microstructure and tribological properties of nano-Al2O3/Ni brush plated composite coatings,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 192, 311–316 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. A. Huang, U. W. Liu, and C. H. Chuang, “Role of nickel undercoat and reduction-flame heating on the mechanical properties of Cr–C deposit electroplated from a trivalent chromium based bath,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 203, 2921–2926 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Z. Zeng, L. Wang, A. Liang, et al., “Tribological and electrochemical behavior of thick Cr–C alloy coatings electrodeposited in trivalent chromium bath as an alternative to conventional Cr coatings,” Electrochim. Acta, 52, 1366–1373 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ching An Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jhih You Chen
    • 1
  • Chin Huo Chuang
    • 1
  • Joachim Mayer
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringChang Gung UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMing Chi University of TechnologyNew TaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Central Facility for Electron MicroscopyAachen UniversityAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations