Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 55, Issue 9–10, pp 585–595 | Cite as

Electrode Materials for Composite and Multilayer Electrospark-Deposited Coatings from Ni–Cr and WC–Co Alloys and Metals

  • V. B. Tarelnyk
  • A. V. Paustovskii
  • Yu. G. TkachenkoEmail author
  • E. V. Konoplianchenko
  • V. S. Martsynkovskyi
  • B. Antoszewski

The layer-by-layer electrospark deposition of Cu, In, Pb, Cd, and Sn group metals and Ti, V, and W metals, as well as their carbides and hardmetals of WC type, onto metallic surfaces is studied. This technique improves the quality and wear resistance of the surface layer compared to coatings without a sublayer. The sintered electrode materials containing 10–30 wt.% of the (Ni–Cr–Si–B)–WC6 alloy allow electrospark coatings with thickness up to 100 μm and microhardness 12.3–14.2 GPa to be formed. The wear resistance and service life of these coatings are substantially higher than of those made of standard hardmetal WC6. Among the Ni–Cr–Al alloys, the best effectiveness in worn-part recovery is shown by the alloy from the ternary eutectic region (50.3 wt.% Ni, 40.2 wt.% Cr, 9.5 wt.% Al), which may provide coating thickness up to 1.0 mm. The novel coating technique and proposed electrode materials increase the resistance of cutting tools and life of equipment parts.


electrospark deposition electrode materials erosion properties coating properties wear resistance multilayer coatings 


  1. 1.
    R. J. Wang, Y. Y. Qian, and J. Liu, “Structural and interfacial analysis of WC92–Co8 coating deposited on titanium alloy by electrospark deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci., 228, No. 4. – P. 405–409. 2004.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yu. G. Tkachenko, D. Z. Yurchenko, V. F. Britun, et al., “Structure and properties of wear-resistant spark-deposited coatings produced with a titanium carbide alloy anode,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 52, No. 5–6, 306–313 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. N. Gadalov, Yu. V. Boldyrev, and E. V. Ivanova, “Wear- and corrosion-resistant spark-deposited eutectic alloy coatings on steel 30KhGSA,” Uprochn. Tekhnol. Pokryt., No. 1, 22–25 (2006).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. V. Paustovskii, Yu. G. Tkachenko, R. A. Alfintseva, et al., “Optimization of the composition, structure, and properties of electrode materials and spark-deposited coatings for strengthening and recovery of metallic surfaces,” Électron. Obrab. Mater., 49, No. 1, 4–13 (2013).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. S. Koval’chenko, Yu. G. Tkachenko, V. F. Britun, et al., “Structure, mechanical and erosive properties of AlN–MoSi2 composite materials and their electrospark-deposited coatings,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 47, No. 3–4, 183–190 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. A. Podchernyaeva, D. V. Yurechko, and A. D. Panasyuk, “Mass transfer and adhesion in electrospark alloying of AL9 alloy with AlN–Ti(Zr)B2–Ti(Zr)Si2 ceramic electrodes,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram.,. 43, No. 9–10, 473–479 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Z. Chen and Y. Zhou, “Surface modification of resistance welding electrode by electro-spark deposited composite coatings. Part I: Coating characterization,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 201, No. 3–4, 1503–1510 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    I. A. Podchernyaeva, V. M. Panashenko, A. I. Dukhota, et al., “Formation and tribological behavior of multilayer wear-resistant ZrB2-containing spark-deposited and spark-laser coatings on titanium alloy,” Probl. Tribol., No. 4, 96–101 (2012).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. V. Paustovskii, Yu. G. Tkachenko, R. A. Alfintseva, et al., “Development of electrode materials for electrospark deposition and recovery of worn surfaces and structure and properties of coatings,” Électron. Obrab. Mater., 47, No. 2, 30–36 (2011).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. N. Smirnov, V. K. Knyaz’kov, M. V. Radchenko, et al., “Effect of nanosized Al2O3 particles on structural and phase composition of Ni–Cr–B–Si–Fe/WC coatings produced by plasma powder welding,” Svarka Diagnos., No. 5, 32–37 (2012).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. D. Pogrebnyak, S. N. Bratushka, V. V. Uglov, et al., “Structure and properties of Ni–Cr–B–Si–Fe/WC–Co coatings deposited on steel and copper substrates,” Fiz. Inzhen. Poverkhn., 6, No. 1–2, 92–97 (2008).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. A. Ivanov and G. P. Parkhomenko, “Sintered coatings for parts operating under erosive wear conditions,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 13, No. 2, 160–163 (1974).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. B. Tarel’nik, “Improvement in the service properties of surface iron layers by application of composite electrospark coatings,” Électron. Obrab. Mater., No. 4, 61–62 (1995).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    V. B. Tarel’nik, Quality Control of Surface Layers Applying Combined Electrospark Deposition [in Russian], McDen, Sumy (2002), p. 323.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. E. Gitlevich, V. V. Mikhailov, N. Ya. Parkanskii, and V. M. Revutskii, Electrospark Deposition of Metallic Surfaces [in Russian], Shtiintsa, Kishinev (1985), p. 196.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. M. Leshchinskii and V. B. Tarel’nik, “Application of composite electrospark coatings with further plastic surface working,” Khim. Neft. Mashinostr., No. 3, 71–72 (1996).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. B. Tarelnyk
    • 1
  • A. V. Paustovskii
    • 2
  • Yu. G. Tkachenko
    • 2
    Email author
  • E. V. Konoplianchenko
    • 1
  • V. S. Martsynkovskyi
    • 1
  • B. Antoszewski
    • 3
  1. 1.Sumy National Agrarian UniversitySumyUkraine
  2. 2.Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials ScienceNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine
  3. 3.Kielce University of TechnologyKielcePoland

Personalised recommendations