Functional Characterization of Maize C2H2 Zinc-Finger Gene Family
Plant C2H2-type zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) play essential roles in developmental control and stress responses. The whole complement of ZFP genes has been identified in Arabidopsis and rice, while the genome-scale identification and functional analysis of maize ZFPs is not yet reported. Hence, we performed a comprehensive analysis, including gene structure, chromosome location, duplicated event, selective pressure, phylogeny, gene ontology annotation, and expression profiling under developmental stages and abiotic stresses. Phylogenetic analyses suggested that the ZmZFP gene family can be grouped into three classes (A, B, and C). The analysis of differential gene expression in different developmental stages and stress treatments (drought, salt, and cold) was conducted based on microarray and RNA-seq data. A total of 99.05 % (209 genes) of the total ZmZFP genes (211 genes) were detected in 60 different tissues in microarray data. Under drought stress, 13 differentially expressed genes were found in leaf, of which 7 and 6 genes were up-regulated and down-regulated, respectively. For salt stress, crown root (CR), primary root (PR) and seed root (SR) each had one significantly elevated gene, while 2, 1, and 7 genes were obviously down-regulated in CR, PR and SR, respectively. Additionally, 8 and 3 genes were significantly up-regulated and down-regulated, respectively, in the cold-tolerant line ETH-DH7. This study will lay the foundation for understanding the roles of ZFPs in maize growth and stress resistance, contributing to the molecular breeding of maize for food.
KeywordsMaize C2H2 zinc finger protein Development regulation Cold stress Transcript profile
We are grateful to the providers who submitted microarray and RNA-seq data to the public expression databases, which can be freely applied.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The author declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The project was supported by the Science and Technology Cooperation Project of Fujian Province, China (Grant No.2015I0006).
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