Plant Molecular Biology Reporter

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 617–629 | Cite as

Genetic Mechanisms of Host–Pathogen Interactions for Charcoal Rot in Soybean

  • Osman Radwan
  • Laura V. Rouhana
  • Glen L. Hartman
  • Schuyler S. Korban
Original Paper


Soybean is a leading agronomic crop and contributes to food and agricultural security with expanding production areas in diverse regions around the world. Although soybean is challenged by several diseases and pests and progress has been made in understanding and managing some of these pathogens and pests, charcoal rot, incited by the soil-borne fungal pathogen Macrophomina phaseolina, has received little attention. M. phaseolina has a broad host range and is capable of attacking and infecting several groups of plant species, including soybean. Charcoal rot symptoms on soybean appear more commonly during hot and dry weather conditions, and are associated with drought stress. In recent years, it has become more important to develop management strategies to control charcoal rot in soybean fields. Understanding the genetics of this pathogen as well as its interactions with plant hosts will help in developing effective control and management strategies. The biology of M. phaseolina, its genetics, and plant–fungal relationships are reviewed herein. In addition, a discussion of potential opportunities utilizing modern tools to enhance genetic resistance against charcoal rot is also presented.


Charcoal rot Drought stress Genetic resistance Soybean 



We are grateful to Dr. Chris Little (Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS) and Dr. Leslie Domier (USDA-ARS and University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Urbana, IL) for a critical review of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osman Radwan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Laura V. Rouhana
    • 1
  • Glen L. Hartman
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Schuyler S. Korban
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Natural Resources and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant Production, College of Technology and DevelopmentUniversity of ZagazigSharkiaEgypt
  3. 3.USDA-ARSUrbanaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Crop SciencesUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  5. 5.Department of BiologyUniversity of Massachusetts BostonBostonUSA

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