Plant Molecular Biology Reporter

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1149–1157

Cloning and Characterization of MxVHA-c, a Vacuolar H+-ATPase Subunit C Gene Related to Fe Efficiency from Malus xiaojinensis

  • Qian Zhang
  • Yi Wang
  • Xin Zhong Zhang
  • Li Li Yin
  • Ting Wu
  • Xue Feng Xu
  • Wen Suo Jia
  • Zhen Hai Han
Original Paper


The vacuolar H+-ATPase plays a crucial role in secondary transport and in plant response to environmental stress. In this study, a vacuolar H+-ATPase (MxVHA-c) gene, consisting of an ORF of 498 base pairs and 165 amino acid residues, has been cloned from the iron-efficient genotype of Malus xiaojinensis. Subsequently, this gene has been targeted to the tonoplast using transient expression analysis. Quantitative real-time (qRT) PCR results reveal that the MxVHA-c gene is expressed in both roots and leaves of Fe-deficient plants; however, it is sensitive to iron stress in roots. This suggests that MxVHA-c expression in roots may mediate iron-dependent responses. MxVHA-c expression is up-regulated following exogenous treatment with abscisic acid (ABA) and down-regulated following treatment with CaCl2. Overexpression of the MxVHA-c gene in yeast strains has revealed that MxVHA-c transiently alleviated cadmium toxicity via the Cd2+/H+ antiport protein. H+-ATPase activity is slightly increased in yeast overexpressing the MxVHA-c gene compared to that in yeast transformed with an empty vector. In addition, this transgenic yeast strain can grow in a liquid medium containing 40 μM ferrozine. These findings may provide useful information in elucidating molecular mechanisms that mediate resistance to iron deficiency.


H+-ATPase activity Iron deficiency Malus xiaojinensis Vacuolar H+-ATPase 



Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction


Vacuolar H+-ATPase


Yeast growth medium


Selection medium


Relative fluorescence unit


Enhanced green fluorescent protein


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qian Zhang
    • 1
  • Yi Wang
    • 1
  • Xin Zhong Zhang
    • 1
  • Li Li Yin
    • 1
  • Ting Wu
    • 1
  • Xue Feng Xu
    • 1
  • Wen Suo Jia
    • 1
  • Zhen Hai Han
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Horticultural PlantsChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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