Plant Molecular Biology Reporter

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 277–284 | Cite as

Molecular Cloning and Characterization of Rubber Biosynthetic Genes from Taraxacum koksaghyz

  • Thomas Schmidt
  • Andrea Hillebrand
  • David Wurbs
  • Daniela Wahler
  • Malte Lenders
  • Christian Schulze Gronover
  • Dirk Prüfer


Rubber biosynthesis requires the action of specific enzymes known as cis-prenyltransferases (CPTs). These enzymes are responsible for the sequential addition of isopentenyl pyrophosphate units to the growing polyisoprene chain, a biochemical reaction thought to be stimulated by the presence of small rubber particle proteins (SRPPs). We have cloned, characterized, and analyzed the expression of three CPT genes (TkCPT1–3) and five SRPP genes (TkSRPP1–5) from the rubber-producing plant Taraxacum koksaghyz. The deduced TkCPT amino acid sequences showed significant levels of sequence identity with Hevea brasiliensis CPTs. We also found no obvious differences between SRPPs from T. koksaghyz, another rubber producer, and a non-rubber plant. The roles of the individual TkCPTs and TkSRRPs in rubber biosynthesis are discussed.


Taraxacum koksaghyz Rubber Latex Laticifers Rubber particles 


CPT cis


TPT trans



small rubber particle proteins


rubber elongation factor


Taraxacum koksaghyz



The technical assistance of Sandra Ponanta is gratefully acknowledged. This work was supported by grants from the Ministry of Science and Education of Germany (grant no. FKZ 0313712) and Evonik Industries.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Schmidt
    • 1
  • Andrea Hillebrand
    • 1
  • David Wurbs
    • 1
  • Daniela Wahler
    • 1
  • Malte Lenders
    • 1
  • Christian Schulze Gronover
    • 2
  • Dirk Prüfer
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Biochemie und Biotechnologie der PflanzenWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institut für Molekularbiologie und Angewandte ÖkologieAachenGermany

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