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Plant and Soil

, Volume 444, Issue 1–2, pp 351–363 | Cite as

Root silicification of grasses and crops from the Pampean region and its relevance to silica and silicophytolith content of soils

  • Micaela PaolicchiEmail author
  • María Laura Benvenuto
  • Mariana Fernández Honaine
  • Margarita Osterrieth
Regular Article
  • 232 Downloads

Abstract

Aims

Silicophytoliths contribute to the pool of amorphous silica that is incorporated into the soils acting as intermediary in the biogeochemical cycle of silicon. Most studies focus their attention in the production of aerial parts of plants but not in roots. In order to advance into the knowledge about the relevance of root amorphous silica in soil Si cycle, we studied the silicophytolith content of roots from grasses and crops, and from soil’s roots of different sites from Pampean region, Argentina, one of the most fertile and used for agricultural practices.

Methods

Roots from three crops and seven grasses and from soils under three different uses were studied. Silicophytoliths were extracted by a calcination technique.

Results

All the species produced silicophytoliths derived from vascular and/or endodermal tissues. Silicophytolith content was higher in Pampean grasses (6.34–15.38%) than in crops (0.01–1.58%). Root silicophytolith content in the pasture was 10 times higher than in the other sites.

Conclusions

The potential input of root silica to soils is related to the type and cover of vegetation, the amount of roots in soils and the silicophytoliths accumulated in roots. Results suggested that root silicophytoliths should be consider in future studies of biogeochemical cycle of Si.

Keywords

Phytolith Roots Grasses Crops SE Buenos Aires Province Soil 

Abbreviations

RC

Content of roots present in soil samples

SiR

The content of silicophytoliths in soil roots

SiRS

The input of silicophytolith from roots to soils

Notes

Acknowledgements

Fieldwork was supported by National University of Mar del Plata (UNMdP), Buenos Aires, Argentina (EXA 839/17) and Fund for Scientific and Technology Research (FONCyT - PICT 2495/17). A fellowship from National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (UNMdP-CONICET) to Micaela Paolicchi is acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Micaela Paolicchi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • María Laura Benvenuto
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mariana Fernández Honaine
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Margarita Osterrieth
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Geología de Costas y del CuaternarioFCEyN, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata-Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de Buenos Aires (CIC)Mar del PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC)FCEyN, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasMar del PlataArgentina
  3. 3.CONICETBuenos AiresArgentina

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