Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, Volume 443, Issue 1–2, pp 387–399 | Cite as

Lodgepole pine tree-ring growth, Δ13C and the inverse texture effect across a soil chronosequence in glacial till

  • Blake J. OsbornEmail author
  • David G. Williams
Regular Article
  • 130 Downloads

Abstract

Aims

Our goal was to better understand tree growth and photosynthetic responses to variations in plant available water and elucidate the role of the inverse texture effect in snow dominated montane forests.

Methods

We measured tree ring carbon isotope composition and annual growth over a 31-year record for lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon) growing on three different-aged glacial till surfaces in Wyoming, USA.

Results

Soils of different ages developed on till surfaces from three separate glaciation events were significantly different in clay content and distribution with depth; maximum clay content at depth ranged from 19 to 20% on the two youngest till surfaces, but was as high as 36% on the oldest till surface. Ring growth was lowest at the youngest till sites, and only on these coarse-textured soils was growth positively correlated with annual maximum snow water equivalent (SWEmax). Δ13C was highest for trees at these young till sites, suggesting that hydraulic conductivity and stomatal conductance is comparatively high during growth periods on these coarse-textured soils.

Conclusion

Taken together, we found that age of glacial till and related soil texture differences strongly influenced tree-ring growth and Δ13C response of lodgepole pine to interannual variation in precipitation and drought severity, but responses did not support an inverse texture effect in these semi-arid forest systems.

Keywords

Dendroecology Stable isotopes Tree growth Pinus contorta Soil texture 

Abbreviations

ACF

Autocorrelation functions

ANCOVA

Analyses of covariance

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

BL

Bull lake

FC

Field capacity

GLEES

Glacier lakes ecosystem experiment site

PACF

partial autocorrelation functions

pBL

pre-Bull lake

PD

Pinedale

PDSI

Palmer drought severity index

SWE

Snow water equivalent

SWE(max)

Maximum snow water equivalent reached in a given water year

SNOTEL

Snow telemetry site

Tavg

Average growing season temperature

VPD

Vapor pressure deficit

WP

Wilting point

YBP

Years before present

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank D. Tinker, P. Copenhaver, L. Huckaby, and D. Legg for their expertise in dendrochronology methods. We are indebted to L. Munn for assistance with identification and attribution of glacial till surfaces. T. Kelleners and B. Ewers provided invaluable expertise on soil physics and plant physiology. Support for this work was provided by the National Science Foundation (EPS – 1208909) and the Wyoming NASA Space Grant Consortium. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation or NASA.

References

  1. Adams HR, Kolb TE (2004) Drought responses of conifers in ecotone forests of northern Arizona: tree ring growth and leaf δ13C. Oecologia 140(2):217–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Badeck F-W, Tcherkez G, Nogués S, Piel C, Ghashghaie J (2005) Post-photosynthetic fractionation of stable carbon isotopes between plant organs—a widespread phenomenon. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 19:1381–1391.  https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1912 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Boisvenue C, Runnings SW (2006) Impacts of climate change on natural forest productivity – evidence since the middle of the 20th century. Glob Chang Biol 12(5):862–882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cernusak LA, Tcherkez G, Keitel C, Cornwell WK, Santiago LS, Knohl A, Barbour MM, Williams DG, Reich PB, Ellsworth DS, Dawson TE, Griffiths HG, Farquhar GD, Wright IJ (2009) Why are non-photosynthetic tissues generally 13C enriched compared with leaves in C3 plants? Review and synthesis of current hypotheses. Functional Plant Biology 36(3):199Google Scholar
  5. Churkina G, Running SW (1998) Contrasting climatic controls on the estimated productivity of global terrestrial biomes. Ecosystems 1:206–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Schepper V, De Swaef T, Bauweraerts I, Steppe K (2013) Phloem transport: a review of mechanisms and controls. J Exp Bot 64:4839–4850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Eissenstat DM, Van Rees KC (1994) The growth and function of pine roots. Ecol Bull:76–91Google Scholar
  8. Farquhar GD, Sharkey TD (1982) Stomatal Conductance and Photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 33(1):317–345Google Scholar
  9. Ferrio JP, Florit A, Vega A, Serrano L, Voltas J (2003) Δ13C and tree-ring width reflect different drought responses in Quercus ilex and Pinus halepensis. Oecologia 137(4):512–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fravolini A, Hultine KR, Brugnoli E, Gazal R, English NB, Willaims DG (2005) Precipitation pulse use by an invasive woody legume: the role of soil texture and pulse site. Oecologia 144(4):618–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gessler A (2010) Carbon and oxygen isotopes in trees: tools to study assimilate transport and partitioning and to assess physiological responses towards the environment. Prog Bot 72:227–248Google Scholar
  12. Gessler A, Brandes E, Buchmann N, Helle G, Rennenberg H, Barnard RL (2009) Tracing carbon and oxygen isotope signals from newly assimilated sugars in the leaves to the tree-ring archive. Plant Cell Environ 32(7):780–795.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01957.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Hamerlynck EP, McAuliffe JR, McDonald EV, Smith SD (2002) Ecological responses of two Mojave Desert shrubs to soil horizon development and soil water dynamics. Ecology 83(3):768–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Härdtle W, Niemeyer T, Assmann T, Aulinger A, Fichtner A, Lang A, Leuschner C, Neuwirth B, Pfister L, Quante M, Ries C, Schuldt A, von Oheimb G (2013) Climatic responses of tree-ring width and δ13C signatures of sessile oak (Quercus petraea liebl.) on soils with contrasting water supply. Plant Ecol 214(9):1147–1156.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-013-0239-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harlow BA, Marshall JD, Robinson AP (2006) A multi-species comparison of 13C from whole wood, extractive-free wood and holocellulose. Tree Physiol 26:767–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hillel D (2004) Introduction to environmental soil physics. Elsevier Academic Press, BostonGoogle Scholar
  17. Horton KW (1958) Rooting habits of lodgepole pine. Technicalnote #67, 26pp. Forestry Research Division, Canada Department of Northern Affairs and Natural Resources, Ottawa, OntarioGoogle Scholar
  18. Jäggi M, Saurer M, Fuhrer J, Siegwolf R (2002) The relationship between the stable carbon isotope composition of needle bulk material, starch, and tree rings in Picea abies. Oecologia 131(3):325–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kagawa A, Sugimoto A, Maximov TC (2006) 13CO2 pulse-labeling of photoassimilates reveals carbon allocation within and between tree rings. Plant Cell Environ 29:1571–1584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Klein T, Hemming D, Lin T, Grünzweig JM, Maseyk K, Rotenberg E, Yakir D (2005) Association between tree-ring and needle δ13C and leaf gas exchange in Pinus halepensis under semi-arid conditions. Oecologia 144(1):45–54.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-005-0002-y CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Koepke DF, Kolb TE, Adams HD (2010) Variation in woody plant mortality and dieback from severe drought among soils, plant groups, and species within a northern Arizona ecotone. Oecologia 163(4):1079–1090Google Scholar
  22. Leavitt SW, Danzer SR (1993) Method for batch processing small wood samples to holocellulose for stable-carbon isotope analysis. Anal Chem 65(1):87–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Leavitt SW, Long A (1984) Sampling strategy for stable carbon isotope analysis of tree rings in pine. Nature 301:145–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Linares JC, Camarero JJ (2012) From pattern to process: linking intrinsic water-use efficiency to drought-induced forest decline. Glob Chang Biol 18:1000–1015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Looney CL, Sullivan BW, Kolb TE, Kane JM, Hart SC (2012) Pinyon pine (Pinus edulis) mortality and response to water addition across a three million year substrate age gradient in northern Arizona, USA. Plant Soil 357:89–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McCarroll D, Loader NJ (2004) Stable isotopes in tree rings. Quat Sci Rev 23:771–801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nemani RR, Keeling CD, Hashimoto H, Jolly WM, Piper SC, Tucker CJ, Myneni RB, Running SW (2003) Climate-driven increases in global terrestrial net primary production from 1982 to 1999. Science 300:1560–1563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Newberry TL (2010) Effect of climatic variability on δ13C and tree-ring growth in piñon pine (Pinus edulis). Trees 24(3):551–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Newman BD, Wilcox BP, Archer SR, Breshears DD, Dahm CN, Duffy CJ, McDowell NG, Phillips FM, Scanlon BR, Vivoni ER (2006) Ecohydrology of water-limited environments: a scientific vision. Water Resour Res 42:W06302.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2005WR004141 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Noy-Meir I (1973) Desert ecosystems: environment and producers. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 4(1):25–51.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.04.110173.000325 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Oberhuber W, Swidrak I, Pirkebner D, Gruber A (2011) Temporal dynamics of nonstructural carbohydrates and xylem growth in Pinus sylvestris exposed to drought. Can J For Res 41:1590–1597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Palmer WC (1965) Meteorological droughts. U.S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau Research Paper 45, 58 ppGoogle Scholar
  33. Pierce KL (2003) Pleistocene glaciations of the Rocky Mountains. Dev Quart Sci 1.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1571-0866(03)01004-2
  34. Preston RJ (1942) The growth and development of the root systems of juvenile lodgepole pine. Ecolological Monographs 12:449–468Google Scholar
  35. Rocha AV, Goulden ML, Dunn AL, Wofsy SC (2006) On linking interannual tree ring variability with observations of whole-forest CO2 flux. Glob Chang Biol 12:1378–1389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sala OE, Parton WJ, Joyce LA, Lauenroth WK (1988) Primary production of the central grassland region of the United States. Ecology 69:40–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Schulze ED, Turner NC, Nicolle D, Schumacher J (2006) Leaf and wood carbon isotope ratios, specific leaf areas and wood growth of Eucalyptus species across a rainfall gradient in Australia. Tree Physiol 26:479–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sevanto S, McDowell NG, Dickman LT, Pangle R, Pockman WT (2014) How do trees die? A test of the hydraulic failure and carbon starvation hypotheses. Plant Cell Environ 37(1):153–161.  https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12141 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Sperry JS, Adler FR, Campbell GS, Comstock JP (1998) Limitation of plant water use by rhizosphere and xylem conductance: results from a model. Plant Cell Environ 21:347–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tei S, Sugimoto A, Yoneobu H, Yamazaki T, Maximov TC (2013) Reconstruction of soil moisture for the past 100 years in eastern Siberia using δ13C of larch tree rings. J Geophys Res Biogeosci 118:1256–1265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Walker TW, Syers JK (1976) The fate of phosphorus during pedogenesis. Geoderma 15:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Weltzin JF, Loik ME, Schwinning S, Williams DG, Fay P, Haddad B, Harte J, Huxman TE, Knapp AK, Lin G, Pockman WT, Shaw MR, Small E, Smith MD, Smith SD, Tissue DT, Zak JC (2003) Assessing the response of terrestrial ecosystems to potential changes in precipitation. BioScience 53:941–952CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecosystem Science and ManagementUniversity of WyomingLaramieUSA
  2. 2.Colorado Water InstituteFort CollinsUSA
  3. 3.Department of BotanyUniversity of WyomingLaramieUSA

Personalised recommendations