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Plant and Soil

, Volume 443, Issue 1–2, pp 41–54 | Cite as

Effects of nutrient addition on foliar phosphorus fractions and their resorption in different-aged leaves of Chinese fir in subtropical China

  • Fang-Chao Wang
  • Xiang-Min Fang
  • G. Geoff WangEmail author
  • Rong Mao
  • Xiao-Fan Lin
  • Huimin Wang
  • Fu-Sheng ChenEmail author
Regular Article
  • 228 Downloads

Abstract

Background and aims

Anthropogenic activities have increased nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) inputs to terrestrial ecosystems, which may significantly alter P cycle through accumulation and resorption.

Methods

We measured the concentrations of four different P fractions (inorganic, nucleic, sugar, and residual P) in both live leaves and senescent leaves in N and P additions in an evergreen plantation forest of subtropical China.

Results

Adding moderate N plus P increased total, inorganic, and sugar P concentrations, which sustained the leaf N/P balance and alleviated P limitation in Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantation. Nitrogen and P (total, nucleic, and residue P) resorption proficiencies did but P (each of various fractions) resorption efficiency did not respond to nutrient addition. The concentrations and resorption efficiencies of most P fractions were lower in the old than young leaves, but their resorption proficiencies except for sugar P weren’t different.

Conclusions

Internal P cycles of Chinese fir could be strongly altered through increasing accumulation of inorganic P and sugar P factions in respond to soil P enrichment when combined with suitable N addition. The easily degradable P (inorganic and sugar P) were preferentially resorbed regardless of nutrient addition. Leaf age was a key-factor influencing the resorption extent of P fractions in Chinese fir.

Keywords

Fertilization Leaf traits Forest trees Nitrogen deposition Nutrient resorption Phosphorus 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 31730014, 31870427 and 31760200); and Jiangxi Provincial Department of Science and Technology (grant numbers 20165BCB19006 & 20181ACH80006). We thank Yu Liu, Liqun Zou and Xiulan Zhang for their help with field sampling and laboratory measurement.

Supplementary material

11104_2019_4221_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 2699 kb)

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of National Forestry and Grassland Administration on Forest Ecosystem Protection and Restoration in Poyang Lake WatershedJiangxi Agricultural UniversityNanchangChina
  2. 2.Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory of SilvicultureJiangxi Agricultural UniversityNanchangPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department Forestry and Environmental ConservationClemson UniversityClemsonUSA
  4. 4.Qianyanzhou Ecological Station, Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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