Plant and Soil

, Volume 432, Issue 1–2, pp 303–314 | Cite as

A half-type ABC transporter FeSTAR1 regulates Al resistance possibly via UDP-glucose-based hemicellulose metabolism and Al binding

  • Jia Meng Xu
  • He Qiang Lou
  • Jian Feng Jin
  • Wei Wei Chen
  • Jiang Xue Wan
  • Wei Fan
  • Jian Li YangEmail author
Regular Article



Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is highly tolerant to Al stress, but the molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study aims to investigate a half-type ABC transporter gene (FeSTAR1) with respect to Al tolerance.


The expression of FeSTAR1 was examined and complementation test in atstar1 mutant was conducted. Furthermore, Al distribution and cell wall polysaccharides content were analyzed.


FeSTAR1 is an ABC transporter protein with nucleotide binding domain, but lack of transmembrane domain. Consistently, FeSTAR1 is a soluble protein, localizing to both cytoplasm and nucleus. Al rapidly and specifically induced FeSTAR1 expression. Heterologous expression of FeSTAR1 in atstar1 rescued its Al tolerance, and exogenous applied UDP-glucose could alleviate Al sensitivity of atstar1 mutant, suggesting the connection between FeSTAR1 and UDP-glucose in terms of Al tolerance. Furthermore, FeSTAR1 complemented lines accumulated less Al in root cell wall than atstar1 mutant. Further cell wall fraction analysis showed that Al was largely confined to cell wall hemicellulose1, at which Al content was significantly lower in complemented lines. Consistent with Al distribution in different cell wall polysaccharides, complemented lines had lower hemicellulose1 content.


Our results indicate that FeSTAR1 is involved in Al resistance via possibly cell wall matrix polysaccharides metabolism in buckwheat.


Aluminum toxicity Cell wall Matrix polysaccharides UDP-glucose 



This work was supported financially by the Natural Science Foundation of China (31572193) and The Chang Jiang Scholars Program (JLY). We are grateful to Prof. Chaofeng Huang for providing us the Arabidopsis mutant atstar1 seeds.

Supplementary material

11104_2018_3805_MOESM1_ESM.docx (129 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 128 kb)


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Life SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, School of Forestry and BiotechnologyZhejiang A& F UniversityZhejiangChina
  3. 3.College of Life and Environmental SciencesHangzhou Normal UniversityHangzhouChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Bio-resources in Yunnan, The Key Laboratory of Medicinal Plant Biology of Yunnan Province, National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center on Germplasm Innovation & Utilization of Chinese Medicinal Materials in Southwest ChinaYunnan Agricultural UniversityKunmingChina

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