Mineral element composition of cabbage as affected by soil type and phosphorus and zinc fertilisation
Background and aims
The effects of phosphorus and zinc applications on phosphorus and zinc concentrations in plants grown in different soil types have rarely been investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different soil types and phosphorus and zinc addition on growth and mineral element composition of red cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L. cv. Red Drumhead).
Plants were grown for six weeks in three different soils (a freely drained Cambisol, an imperfectly drained Cambisol, and a Stagnosol) in a glasshouse. Each soil was amended with one of 25 combinations of phosphorus and zinc fertiliser. Soil characteristics, growth, and mineral element concentrations in shoots were assessed.
Soil type significantly affected shoot growth and concentrations of phosphorus, zinc, potassium, calcium, magnesium and manganese, but not iron concentration of red cabbage. Across soils, the observed responses were attributed to soil phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulphur concentrations, organic matter content, and mineral composition, mainly kaolinite and plagioclase.
Soil type effects on mineral element composition of red cabbage could have important implications for increasing mineral element concentration in crops to alleviate mineral element deficiencies in human diets.
KeywordsUptake Mineral element interaction Brassica oleracea var. capitata Fertiliser Glasshouse
This work was supported by the Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division of the Scottish Government and an EU Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (REA grant agreement n°623305) to Paula Pongrac, who also acknowledges financial support from the Slovenian Research Agency (P1-0212 programme) and Public Scholarship, Development, Disability and Maintenance Fund of the Republic of Slovenia. Authors are grateful to Ralph Wilson, John Rattray and Konrad Neugebauer for their help with collecting the soil and to Lawrie Brown for her help with Olsen P measurements. We thank Timothy S. George for reading the original manuscript.
- Barben SA, Nichols BA, Hopkins BG, Jolley VD, Ellsworth JW, Webb BL (2007) Phosphorus and zinc interactions in potato. Western Nutrient Management Conference 7. Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, pp 219–223. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2012.631672
- Broadley MR, Lochlainn SÓ, Hammond JP, Bowen HC, Cakmak I, Eker S, Erdem H, King JG, White PJ (2010) Shoot zinc (Zn) concentrations varies widely with Brassica oleracea L. and is affected by soil Zn and phosphorus (P) levels. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 85:375–380. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2010.11512683 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cakmak I, Marschner H (1986) Mechanism of phosphorus-induced zinc-deficiency in cotton. II. Evidence for impaired shoot control of phosphorus uptake and translocation under zinc deficiency. Physiol Plant 68:491–496. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1986.tb03387.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Campbell CR (2011) Ornamental cabbage. In: Campbell CR (ed) Reference sufficiency ranges for plant analysis in the southern region of the United States, Southern Cooperative Series Bulletin 394, Southern Association of Agricultural Experiment Station, Raleigh, pp 115–116Google Scholar
- Campbell CR (2013) Reference sufficiency ranges for plant analysis in the southern region of the United States. Available via http://www.ncagr.gov/agronomi/saaesd/scsb394.pdf Accessed 26 Sept 2017
- Gardner WH (1965) Water content. In: Black C (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. Physical and mineralogical properties, including statistics of measurement and sampling, Monogr. 9.1. ASA, SSSA, Madison, USA, pp 82–127Google Scholar
- Geelhoed JS, Riemsdijk WH van, Findenegg GR (1997) Effects of sulphate and pH on the plant-availability of phosphate adsorbed on goethite. Plant Soil 197:241–249. doi: doi: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004228715984
- Hammond JP, Broadley MR, White PJ, King GJ, Bowen HC, Hayden R, Meacham MC, Mead A, Overs T, Spracklen WP, Greenwood DJ (2008) Shoot yield drives phosphorus use efficiency in Brassica oleracea and correlates with root architecture traits. J Exp Bot 60:1953–1968. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp083 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- IUSS Working Group WRB (2015) World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, update 2015. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nation. Available via http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3794e.pdf Accessed 7 Nov 2017
- Lindsay WL, Norvell WA (1978) Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese, and copper. Soil Sci Soc Amer J 42:421–428. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1978.03615995004200030009x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- McGrath SP, Loveland PJ (1992) The soil geochemical atlas of England and Wales. Blackie, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Olsen SR (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, USAGoogle Scholar
- Olsen SR, Bowman RA, Watanabe FS (1977) Behaviour of phosphorus in the soil and interactions with other nutrients. Phosphorus. Agriculture 70:31–46Google Scholar
- Saetz LF, Jurinak JJ (1957) Zinc and soil fertility. In: The 1957 yearbook of agriculture: soils. The United States Department of Agriculture Washington, USAGoogle Scholar
- Safaya NM (1976) Phosphorus-zinc interaction in relation to absorption rates of phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese and iron in corn. Soil Sci Soc Am J 40:719–722. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1976.03615995004000050031x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sanchez PA (1976) Properties and management of soils in the tropics. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Stuckenholtz DD, Olsen RJ, Gogan G, Olson RA (1966) On the mechanism of phosphorus-zinc interaction in corn nutrition. Soil Sci Soc Am J 30:759–763. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1966.03615995003000060029x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ward RC, Langin EJ, Olson RA, Stukenholtz DD (1963) Factors responsible for poor response of corn and grain sorghum to phosphorus fertilization: III. Effects of soil compaction, moisture level and other properties on P-Zn relations. Soil Sci Soc Proc 27:326–333. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1963.03615995002700030033x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- White PJ, Broadley MR, Thompson JA, McNicol JW, Crawley MJ, Poulton PR, Johnston AE (2012a) Testing the distinctness of shoot ionomes of angiosperm families using the Rothamsted Park grass continuous hay experiment. New Phytol 196:101–109. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04228.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Zhang Y-Q, Deng Y, Cen R-Y, Cui Z-L, Chen X-P, Yost R, Zhang F-S, Zou C-Q (2012) The reduction in zinc concentration of wheat grain upon increased phosphorus fertilization and its mitigation by foliar zinc application. Plant Soil 361:143–152. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-012-1238-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar