Effects of ageing on bioavailability of selenium in soils assessed by diffusive gradients in thin-films and sequential extraction

  • Qin Peng
  • Jun Li
  • Dan Wang
  • Tian-Jiao Wei
  • Chang-Er L. ChenEmail author
  • Dong-Li LiangEmail author
Regular Article


Background and aims

Ageing is an important factor for controlling selenium bioavailability and toxicity in soil.


The ageing processes of selenite and selenate in two soils were systematically investigated by adopting diffusive gradients in thin film technique (DGT) and sequential extraction.


Soluble Se was the main fraction (29.3%–61.7%) for selenate-treated soils, and which decreased significantly (52.5% for chestnut soil and 44.2% for black soil) and transformed to less labile fractions with ageing. By contrast, exchangeable Se fraction was the main fraction in selenite-treated soils, which decreased by 38%–71.8% with ageing. The DGT measurement (CDGT) of selenate treatment was 1.8–96.7 times higher than that of selenite treatment. Dynamic analysis showed that shorter response time Tc (44 s) and higher desorption rate constant k−1 (≥ 1.5E-3 s−1) were observed in selenite-treated chestnut soil than black soil, which coincided with the higher Se contents in pak choi planted in chestnut soil than black soil. The opposite result was found for selenate, demonstrating that Se bioavailability was affected by soil properties and Se species.


This study demonstrated that DGT can describe the changes of Se bioavailability caused by ageing and predict Se uptake by pak choi roots in selenite- or selenate-aged soils.


Selenite Selenate Soils Bioavailability Passive sampling DGT 



The authors thank for the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41571454, to D.L. Liang).

Supplementary material

11104_2018_3920_MOESM1_ESM.docx (26 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 25 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Natural Resources and EnvironmentNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Environmental Materials & Remediation TechnologiesChongqing University of Arts and SciencesChongqingChina
  3. 3.School of the EnvironmentNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.Environmental Research Institute, MOE Key Laboratory of Environmental Theoretical ChemistrySouth China Normal UniversityGuangzhouChina
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and the Agri-environment in Northwest China, Ministry of AgricultureYanglingChina

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