Plant and Soil

, Volume 421, Issue 1–2, pp 233–244 | Cite as

Influence of long-term nutrient manipulation on specific leaf area and leaf nutrient concentrations in savanna woody species of contrasting leaf phenologies

  • Marina Corrêa Scalon
  • Mundayatan Haridasan
  • Augusto Cesar Franco
Regular Article


Background and aims

The Neotropical Savanna in Central Brazil (Cerrado) is characterized by periodic fires and soils with extremely low nutrient levels. We used long-term field experiments to investigate how frequent fires and long-term changes in soil nutrient availability would affect leaf structure and leaf nutrient status of Cerrado trees.


We measured specific leaf area (SLA, the ratio of leaf area per leaf dry mass) and leaf nutrient concentrations in 15 tree species of distinct leaf phenologies subjected to eight treatments, including control. Treatments comprised various conditions of nutrient availability (fertilization, addition and removal of litter) and fire regime (controlled biennial fires). The control consisted of undisturbed natural vegetation.


Leaf traits generally varied among species. Species responded to fertilization, exhibiting higher Ca and Mg leaf concentrations, while SLA, and leaf N, P and K concentrations did not differ across treatments. We found significant differences reflecting contrasting ecological strategies among phenological groups: deciduous species had higher nutrient leaf concentrations and SLA, while evergreen species showed the lowest values and briefly deciduous species showed intermediate values.


We found low leaf-level responses to nutrient manipulations, probably reflecting the conservative resource-use strategy typical of nutrient-poor environments.


Leaf phenology Fertilization Fire Litter manipulation Phenotypic plasticity Cerrado 



MCS was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico), Brazil. ACF was was supported by Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa do Distrito Federal (FAPDF) and CNPq. We thank RECOR/IBGE for the logistic support and Fabricius Domingos for reviewing early versions of this manuscript.

Supplementary material

11104_2017_3437_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (46 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 46 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina Corrêa Scalon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mundayatan Haridasan
    • 3
  • Augusto Cesar Franco
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ecofisiologia Vegetal, Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade de BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Ecologia VegetalUniversidade Estadual de Mato GrossoNova XavantinaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade de BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil

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