Plant and Soil

pp 1–22

Soil legacy effects of climatic stress, management and plant functional composition on microbial communities influence the response of Lolium perenne to a new drought event

  • Nicolas Legay
  • Gabin Piton
  • Cindy Arnoldi
  • Lionel Bernard
  • Marie-Noëlle Binet
  • Bello Mouhamadou
  • Thomas Pommier
  • Sandra Lavorel
  • Arnaud Foulquier
  • Jean-Christophe Clément
Regular Article

Abstract

Background and aims

Drought events, agricultural practices and plant communities influence microbial and soil abiotic parameters which can feedback to fodder production. This study aimed to determine which soil legacies influence plant biomass production and nutritional quality, and its resistance and recovery to extreme weather events.

Methods

In a greenhouse experiment, soil legacy effects on Lolium perenne were examined, first under optimal conditions, and subsequently during and after drought. We used subalpine grassland soils previously cultivated for two years with grass communities of distinct functional composition, and subjected to combinations of climatic stress and simulated management.

Results

The soil legacy of climatic stress increased biomass production of Lolium perenne and its resistance and recovery to a new drought. This beneficial effect resulted from higher nutrient availability in soils previously exposed to climatic stresses due to lower competitive abilities and resistance of microbial communities to a new drought. This negative effect on microbial communities was strongest in soils from previously cut and fertilized grasslands or dominated by conservative grasses.

Conclusion

In subalpine grasslands more frequent climatic stresses could benefit fodder production in the short term, but threaten ecosystem functioning and the maintenance of traditional agricultural practices in the long term.

Keywords

Plant functional traits Lolium perenne Extracellular enzymatic activities Mycorrhizae Climatic stress Soil legacy 

Supplementary material

11104_2017_3403_MOESM1_ESM.docx (593 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 592 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas Legay
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gabin Piton
    • 1
  • Cindy Arnoldi
    • 1
  • Lionel Bernard
    • 1
  • Marie-Noëlle Binet
    • 1
  • Bello Mouhamadou
    • 1
  • Thomas Pommier
    • 4
  • Sandra Lavorel
    • 1
  • Arnaud Foulquier
    • 1
  • Jean-Christophe Clément
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Ecologie AlpineUMR CNRS-UGA-USMB 5553, Université Grenoble AlpesGrenoble cedexFrance
  2. 2.Ecole de la Nature et du PaysageINSA Centre Val de LoireBloisFrance
  3. 3.CNRS, CITERES, UMR 7324ToursFrance
  4. 4.Ecologie MicrobienneINRA UMR1418, CNRS UMR5557, Université de LyonVilleurbanne CedexFrance
  5. 5.CARRTEL, INRA, Université Savoie Mont BlancThonon-Les-BainsFrance

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