Plant and Soil

, Volume 401, Issue 1–2, pp 79–91 | Cite as

Screening for internal phosphorus utilisation efficiency: comparison of genotypes at equal shoot P content is critical

  • Terry J. Rose
  • Asako Mori
  • Cecile C. Julia
  • Matthias Wissuwa
Regular Article

Abstract

Aims

Progress in improving the internal phosphorus utilisation efficiency of crops has been limited, which may be due to poor screening methods that allow differences in P uptake among genotypes grown in soil to mask genotypic differences in shoot biomass produced per unit of shoot P (PUE). We investigated alternative soil and hydroponic screening methods for their capacity to produce a consensus ranking of genotypes with regard to PUE.

Methods

Six rice genotypes previously identified in hydroponic screening studies as being high, intermediate or low in PUE were screened using multi P rate hydroponic and soil-based experiments.

Results

Comparisons made at each rate of soil-P supply produced estimates of PUE strongly biased by P uptake differences among genotypes. Using multiple-rate data to derive response functions per genotype showed that similar P content was achieved at different rates of P supply but that high-PUE genotypes clearly separated from intermediate- and low-PUE genotypes if equal P content was used. Ranking analysis suggested that results obtained from soil agreed well with those from the hydroponic study.

Conclusions

PUE was significantly influenced by genotype and P supply, but there was no significant genotype x P supply interaction. Hence, we conclude that screening genotypes using hydroponics at one or two P supply levels is the most cost- and time effective means to screen large numbers of rice genotypes for PUE.

Keywords

Genotypic difference Hydroponics Phosphorus efficiency Phosphorus use efficiency Nutrient utilisation efficiency Rice 

Supplementary material

11104_2015_2565_MOESM1_ESM.docx (113 kb)
Supplementary Figure 1 Relationship between relative shoot biomass yield and shoot P concentration at 52 DAS for rice genotypes (a) Dawebyan, (b) DJ123, (c) Santhi, (d) IR64, (e) Mudgo and (f) Taichung. Lines are fits of exponential (Mitscherlich) Eq2 to the observed data. (DOCX 112 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terry J. Rose
    • 1
    • 2
  • Asako Mori
    • 3
  • Cecile C. Julia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Matthias Wissuwa
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Cross Plant ScienceSouthern Cross UniversityLismoreAustralia
  2. 2.Southern Cross GeoScienceSouthern Cross UniversityLismoreAustralia
  3. 3.Crop, Livestock and Environment DivisionJapan International Research Centre for Agricultural ScienceTsukubaJapan

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