Plant and Soil

, Volume 397, Issue 1–2, pp 17–30 | Cite as

Plant-feeding nematodes in coastal sand dunes: occurrence, host specificity and effects on plant growth

  • E. P. Brinkman
  • H. Duyts
  • G. Karssen
  • C. D. van der Stoel
  • W. H. van der Putten
Regular Article

Abstract

Aims

Coastal sand dunes have a well-established abiotic gradient from beach to land and a corresponding spatial gradient of plant species representing succession in time. Here, we relate the distribution of plant-feeding nematodes with dominant plant species in the field to host specialization and impacts on plant species under controlled greenhouse conditions.

Methods

We assessed plant-feeding nematodes in soil and roots of six plant species that dominate the vegetation at successional positions along the gradient. In controlled conditions, we determined performance of all plant-feeding nematodes on each plant species and their effects on plant biomass.

Results

Specialist feeding type nematodes were confined to plant species in either foredunes or landward dunes. Generalist feeding type nematodes were found in highest numbers in the landward dunes. Most tested nematode species decreased root, but not shoot or rhizome biomass.

Conclusions

Host plant suitability determined occurrence of some plant-feeding nematodes in dunes, but abiotic and biotic soil conditions may play a role as well. Generalist feeding type nematodes were able to reproduce on all plant species. Feeding specialists, which are more protected by plant roots, might prefer host plants in the foredunes for the same reason as their host plants: to escape from natural enemies.

Keywords

Ammophila arenaria Ectoparasite Endoparasite Foredune Generalist Specialist 

Abbreviation

Pf/Pi

(ratio of final to initial population size)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. P. Brinkman
    • 1
  • H. Duyts
    • 1
  • G. Karssen
    • 2
  • C. D. van der Stoel
    • 1
    • 3
  • W. H. van der Putten
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Terrestrial EcologyNetherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)WageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Plant Protection Service, Nematology SectionWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.CBS Statistics NetherlandsHeerlenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Laboratory of NematologyWageningen University and Research CentreWageningenThe Netherlands

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