Plant and Soil

, Volume 391, Issue 1–2, pp 293–305

Is phosphorus limiting in a mature Eucalyptus woodland? Phosphorus fertilisation stimulates stem growth

Regular Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11104-015-2426-4

Cite this article as:
Crous, K.Y., Ósvaldsson, A. & Ellsworth, D.S. Plant Soil (2015) 391: 293. doi:10.1007/s11104-015-2426-4



Few direct tests of phosphorus (P) limitation on highly-weathered soils have been conducted, especially in mature, native Eucalyptus stands. We tested whether growth in a mature >80-year old stand of Eucalyptus tereticornis in Cumberland Plain Woodland was limited by P, and whether this P-limitation affected leaf photosynthetic capacity.


P was added to trees at the native woodland site at 50 kg ha-1 year-1 in each of 3 years, and stem and leaf responses were measured.


Leaf P concentrations before fertilisation were < 1 mg g-1 and N:P ratios ranged between 16 and 23. Addition of 50 kg ha-1 year-1 of P increased leaf P concentration significantly (+50 %) compared to non-fertilised trees, for two but not for the 3 years. Despite higher leaf P in fertilised trees, photosynthetic capacity was unaffected. However, there was a 54 % increase in tree stem basal area growth during the first and second years of P fertilisation, statistically significant in the second year of the experiment.


Our evidence shows that E. tereticornis is P-limited on Cumberland Plain soils. This has implications for forest responses to rising atmospheric [CO2], because photosynthesis in elevated [CO2] may become further constrained by required phosphate pools within the photosynthetic apparatus.


EucFACE Basal area increment Eucalyptus tereticornis Leaf N:P ratio Nutrients Photosynthesis Stem growth 

Supplementary material

11104_2015_2426_MOESM1_ESM.docx (25 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 25 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Y. Crous
    • 1
  • A. Ósvaldsson
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. S. Ellsworth
    • 1
  1. 1.Hawkesbury Institute for the EnvironmentUniversity of Western SydneyPenrithAustralia
  2. 2.Department of BiologyCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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