Plant and Soil

, Volume 386, Issue 1–2, pp 125–149 | Cite as

A new LandscapeDNDC biogeochemical module to predict CH4 and N2O emissions from lowland rice and upland cropping systems

  • David Kraus
  • Sebastian Weller
  • Steffen Klatt
  • Edwin Haas
  • Reiner Wassmann
  • Ralf Kiese
  • Klaus Butterbach-Bahl
Regular Article

Abstract

Background and aims

Replacing paddy rice by upland systems such as maize cultivation is an on-going trend in SE Asia caused by increasing water scarcity and higher demand for meat. How such land management changes will feedback on soil C and N cycles and soil greenhouse gas emissions is not well understood at present.

Methods

A new LandscapeDNDC biogeochemical module was developed that allows the effect of land management changes on soil C and N cycle to be simulated. The new module is applied in combination with further modules simulating microclimate and crop growth and evaluated against observations from field experiments.

Results

The model simulations agree well with observed dynamics of CH4 emissions in paddy rice depending on changes in climatic conditions and agricultural management. Magnitude and peak emission periods of N2O from maize cultivation are simulated correctly, though there are still deficits in reproducing day-to-day dynamics. These shortcomings are most likely related to simulated soil hydrology and may only be resolved if LandscapeDNDC is coupled to more complex hydrological models.

Conclusions

LandscapeDNDC allows for simulation of changing land management practices in SE Asia. The possibility to couple LandscapeDNDC to more complex hydrological models is a feature needed to better understand related effects on soil-atmosphere-hydrosphere interactions.

Keywords

Methane Nitrous oxide Paddy rice Maize Model 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Kraus
    • 1
  • Sebastian Weller
    • 1
  • Steffen Klatt
    • 1
  • Edwin Haas
    • 1
  • Reiner Wassmann
    • 2
  • Ralf Kiese
    • 1
  • Klaus Butterbach-Bahl
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK-IFU)Garmisch-PartenkirchenGermany
  2. 2.International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)Los BañosPhilippines
  3. 3.International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)NairobiKenya

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