Metal concentration and metal mass of metallicolous, non metallicolous and serpentine Noccaea caerulescens populations, cultivated in different growth media
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Evaluate the genetic and environmental variability of metal concentration and metal mass of Noccaea caerulescens, from metalliferous (MET), non metalliferous (NMET) and serpentine (SERP) soils.
18 populations were cultivated in 18 different growth conditions, such as a soil mine tailing, soils amended with zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni) salts (in mixtures or in monometallic salts) and a hydroponic solution with two Zn concentrations.
MET populations had Zn concentrations lower than NMET and SERP in the different soils but higher Cd mass (the product of aerial biomass and foliar metal concentration). SERP had the highest Ni concentration and Ni mass values. The addition of Cd or Ni to a Zn-contaminated soil significantly decreases Zn concentration. In hydroponics, MET and NMET had equivalent Zn concentrations but these were three times higher than those obtained in soil experiments. Zn mass of NMET was significantly lower than MET with the latter having Zn mass values largely above those obtained in mine soil.
Results showed a large heterogeneity of responses among populations depending on the substrate used, and it was not possible to correctly assign a single population to its accurate origin with only one experiment. Finally, data on metal concentration obtained in culture soils are closer to those in field soils than those from hydroponics so that they could give a more accurate information on the accumulating capacity of Noccaea caerulescens and its use in phytoextraction of metals in field conditions.
KeywordsThlaspi caerulescens Mine soil Plant populations Phytoremediation Zn/Cd/Ni hyperaccumulation Metal tolerance
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