Plant and Soil

, Volume 342, Issue 1–2, pp 59–71 | Cite as

Dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in rice (Oryza sativa L.) exposed to experimental warming with elevated CO2

  • Han-Yong Kim
  • Sang-Sun Lim
  • Jin-Hyeob Kwak
  • Dong-Suk Lee
  • Sang-Mo Lee
  • Hee-Myong Ro
  • Woo-Jung Choi
Regular Article

Abstract

Effects of elevated CO2 concentration ([CO2]) and air temperature (Tair) on accumulation and intra-plant partitioning of dry matter (DM) and nitrogen in paddy rice were investigated by performing a pot experiment in six natural sunlit temperature gradient chambers (TGCs) with or without CO2 fumigation. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants were grown in TGCs for a whole season under two levels of [CO2] (ambient, 380 ppm; elevated, 622 ppm) and two daily Tair regimes (ambient, 25.2°C; elevated, 27.3°C) in split-plot design with triplication. The effects of elevated [CO2] and Tair on DM were most dramatic for grain and shoot with a significant (P < 0.05) interaction between [CO2] and Tair. Overall, total grain DM increased with elevated [CO2] by 69.6% in ambient Tair but decreased with elevated Tair by 33.8% in ambient [CO2] due to warming-induced floral sterility. Meanwhile, shoot DM significantly increased with elevated Tair by 20.8% in ambient [CO2] and by 46.6% in elevated [CO2]. Although no [CO2] × Tair interaction was detected, the greatest total DM was achieved by co-elevation of [CO2] and Tair (by 42.8% relative to the ambient conditions) via enhanced shoot and root DM accumulation, but not grain. This was attributed largely both to increase in tiller number and to accumulation of photosynthate in the shoot and root due to inhibition of photosynthate allocation to grain caused by warming-induced floral sterility. Distribution of N (both soil N and fertilizer 15N) among rice parts in responding to climatic variables entirely followed the pattern of DM. Our findings demonstrate that the projected warming is likely to induce a significant reduction in grain yield of rice by inhibiting DM (i.e., photosynthates) allocation to grain, though this may partially be mitigated by elevated [CO2].

Keywords

Dry matter yield Elevated carbon dioxide Global warming N concentration Temperature gradient chambers 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Han-Yong Kim
    • 1
  • Sang-Sun Lim
    • 2
  • Jin-Hyeob Kwak
    • 2
  • Dong-Suk Lee
    • 2
  • Sang-Mo Lee
    • 3
  • Hee-Myong Ro
    • 4
  • Woo-Jung Choi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied Plant Science, Institute of Agricultural Science & TechnologyChonnam National UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Rural & Biosystems Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Science & TechnologyChonnam National UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.National Instrumentation Center for Environmental ManagementSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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