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Plant and Soil

, Volume 328, Issue 1–2, pp 133–143 | Cite as

Variation in seedling growth of 11 perennial legumes in response to phosphorus supply

  • Jiayin PangEmail author
  • Mark Tibbett
  • Matthew D. Denton
  • Hans Lambers
  • Kadambot H. M. Siddique
  • Mike D. A. Bolland
  • Clinton K. Revell
  • Megan H. Ryan
Regular Article

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) deficiency is a major problem for Australian agriculture. Development of new perennial pasture legumes that acquire or use P more efficiently than the current major perennial pasture legume, lucerne (Medicago sativa L.), is urgent. A glasshouse experiment compared the response of ten perennial herbaceous legume species to a series of P supplies ranging from 0 to 384 µg g−1 soil, with lucerne as the control. Under low-P conditions, several legumes produced more biomass than lucerne. Four species (Lotononis bainesii Baker, Kennedia prorepens F.Muell, K. prostrata R.Br, Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H.Stirt) achieved maximum growth at 12 µg P g−1 soil, while other species required 24 µg P g−1. In most tested legumes, biomass production was reduced when P supply was ≥192 µg g−1, due to P toxicity, while L. bainesii and K. prorepens showed reduced biomass when P was ≥24 µg g−1 and K. prostrata at ≥48 µg P g−1 soil. B. bituminosa and Glycine canescens F.J.Herm required less soil P to achieve 0.5 g dry mass than the other species did. Lucerne performed poorly with low P supply and our results suggest that some novel perennial legumes may perform better on low-P soils.

Keywords

Perennial herbaceous legumes P stress P toxicity P accumulation P-use efficiency Native Australian legumes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the Australian Research Council (ARC), Department of Agricultural and Food Western Australia, and Heritage Seeds. We thank Daniel Real (DAFWA), Richard Snowball (DAFWA), Ron Yates (DAFWA), Steve Hughes (SARDI), and Leonard Song (Heritage seeds) for providing legume seeds and rhizobium. Richard Bennett provided technical advice, and Tammy Edmonds-Tibbett and Tim Morald provided technical assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiayin Pang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mark Tibbett
    • 2
  • Matthew D. Denton
    • 3
  • Hans Lambers
    • 1
  • Kadambot H. M. Siddique
    • 4
  • Mike D. A. Bolland
    • 1
    • 5
  • Clinton K. Revell
    • 1
    • 6
  • Megan H. Ryan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Plant BiologyThe University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Land RehabilitationThe University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Primary IndustriesRutherglenAustralia
  4. 4.Institute of AgricultureThe University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Agriculture and Food Western AustraliaBunburyAustralia
  6. 6.Department of Agriculture and Food Western AustraliaSouth PerthAustralia

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