Plant and Soil

, Volume 327, Issue 1–2, pp 23–34 | Cite as

Effects of NaCl on growth, water status, N2 fixation, and ion distribution in Pterocarpus officinalis seedlings

  • Maguy Dulormne
  • Olivia Musseau
  • Félix Muller
  • Armel Toribio
  • Amadou Bâ
Review Article


Pterocarpus officinalis (Fabaceae) dominates in the swamp forests of the Lesser Antilles, submitted to strong variations of soil salinity (30–445 mM). This study aimed to assess the effect of salinity on growth, nodulation, N2 fixation, water status and ions content in P. officinalis and to clarify the mechanisms involved. Seedlings inoculated or not with two strains from areas of contrasting salinity levels (< to 50 or 445 mM) were watered with 0, 171 and 342 mM solutions of NaCl in greenhouse conditions. Non-inoculated seedlings were tolerant to a salinity of 171 mM, with no significant effect on seedling biomass. Evapotranspiration per unit of leaf area (E/TLa) remained unchanged at 171 mM. Maintenance of a constant E/TLa and especially the control of ion transport to the upper parts of the plant could explain seedling salt tolerance up to intermediate salinity conditions (171 mM). The two strains have a 99.8% genetic identity in spite of differences in their original habitats, this explaining the similar response of the symbiosis to salinity. The higher salt sensitivity of inoculated seedlings was linked to the sensitivity of both Bradyrhizobium strains (reduction of free-living cells) and to that of the nodulation process (fewer nodules and inhibition of N2-fixation) to intermediate salinity.


Bradyrhizobium Leaf water potential Nodulation Salt Swamp forest 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maguy Dulormne
    • 1
  • Olivia Musseau
    • 1
  • Félix Muller
    • 2
  • Armel Toribio
    • 3
  • Amadou Bâ
    • 4
  1. 1.EA 926 DYNECAR, Université des Antilles et de la GuyaneUFR des Sciences Exactes et NaturellesPointe-à-Pitre, CedexFrance
  2. 2.UMR-CNRS 7138, Systématique-Adaptation-Evolution, Equipe “Symbiose”, UFR des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, Département de BiologieUniversité des Antilles et de la GuyanePointe-à-Pitre CedexFrance
  3. 3.INRA Antilles Guyane, Unité de recherche en production végétaleLaboratoire de mycologie-flore pathogène du solPetit BourgFrance
  4. 4.LSTM-UMR 113, Université des Antilles et de la GuyaneUFR des Sciences Exactes et NaturellesPointe-à-PitreFrance

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