Plant and Soil

, Volume 327, Issue 1–2, pp 225–234 | Cite as

Quantitative proteome analysis of wheat gluten as influenced by N and S nutrition

  • Christian ZörbEmail author
  • Claudia Grover
  • Dorothee Steinfurth
  • Karl Hermann Mühling
Regular Article


To increase grain quality, optimal nutrient management is desirable. Recently, atmospheric S emissions from industry have decreased leading to reduced grain quality. Fertilization of N primarily affects protein concentration and biomass production while S fertilization affects the fine tuning of storage protein composition. Additionally, high N supply increases the N/S ratio to the extent that the grains could be classified as S-deficient. Although total protein amounts were not changed by the fertilizer treatments, the amounts of individual gluten proteins were altered. High resolution proteomic analysis of S-containing gluten protein fractions demonstrates that under high N supply, low or high S fertilization significantly changed 41 and 66 of the gliadin and the glutenin proteins. In particular, this change may lead to different dough and baking quality. In conclusion, a high N fertilization induces S deficiency together with a change in gluten proteins and a loss of nutritional quality of grains.


Sulphur Nitrogen Wheat grain Gliadin Glutenin Gluten Proteome 



We thank Mrs. Christa Lein for excellent technical assistance.

Supplementary material

11104_2009_49_MOESM1_ESM.doc (130 kb)
(DOC 130 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Zörb
    • 1
    Email author
  • Claudia Grover
    • 2
  • Dorothee Steinfurth
    • 1
  • Karl Hermann Mühling
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil ScienceChristian Albrechts University KielKielGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Plant Nutrition, Interdisciplinary Research Center for Environmental Research (IFZ)Justus Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany

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