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Plant and Soil

, Volume 326, Issue 1–2, pp 243–259 | Cite as

Simulation of sugarcane residue decomposition and aboveground growth

  • M. V. GaldosEmail author
  • C. C. Cerri
  • C. E. P. Cerri
  • K. Paustian
  • R. Van Antwerpen
Regular Article

Abstract

Due to the worldwide increase in demand for biofuels, the area cultivated with sugarcane is expected to increase. For environmental and economic reasons, an increasing proportion of the areas are being harvested without burning, leaving the residues on the soil surface. This periodical input of residues affects soil physical, chemical and biological properties, as well as plant growth and nutrition. Modeling can be a useful tool in the study of the complex interactions between the climate, residue quality, and the biological factors controlling plant growth and residue decomposition. The approach taken in this work was to parameterize the CENTURY model for the sugarcane crop, to simulate the temporal dynamics of aboveground phytomass and litter decomposition, and to validate the model through field experiment data. When studying aboveground growth, burned and unburned harvest systems were compared, as well as the effect of mineral fertilizer and organic residue applications. The simulations were performed with data from experiments with different durations, from 12 months to 60 years, in Goiana, Timbaúba and Pradópolis, Brazil; Harwood, Mackay and Tully, Australia; and Mount Edgecombe, South Africa. The differentiation of two pools in the litter, with different decomposition rates, was found to be a relevant factor in the simulations made. Originally, the model had a basically unlimited layer of mulch directly available for decomposition, 5,000 g m−2. Through a parameter optimization process, the thickness of the mulch layer closer to the soil, more vulnerable to decomposition, was set as 110 g m−2. By changing the layer of mulch at any given time available for decomposition, the sugarcane residues decomposition simulations where close to measured values (R 2  = 0.93), contributing to making the CENTURY model a tool for the study of sugarcane litter decomposition patterns. The CENTURY model accurately simulated aboveground carbon stalk values (R 2  = 0.76), considering burned and unburned harvest systems, plots with and without nitrogen fertilizer and organic amendment applications, in different climates and soil conditions.

Keywords

Modeling Sugarcane Litter CENTURY Carbon 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo and the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior. The authors would like to thank Mark Easter, Steve Williams and Kendrick Killian of the Natural Resources Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, for the valuable help with using the CENTURY model. We are also grateful to Bonnie Ball-Coelho (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada), Dinailson de Campos (Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura), Robert Boddey and Alexandre Resende (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária), Carolyn Baker (South African Sugarcane Research Institute), Paulo Frassinete (Instituto Agronômico de Pernambuco) and Orivaldo Brunini (Centro Integrado de Informações Agrometeorológicas) for kindly providing data used in this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. Galdos
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. C. Cerri
    • 2
  • C. E. P. Cerri
    • 1
  • K. Paustian
    • 3
  • R. Van Antwerpen
    • 4
  1. 1.Departamento de Ciência do Solo, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”Universidade de São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  2. 2.Centro de Energia Nuclear na AgriculturaUniversidade de São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  3. 3.Natural Resources Ecology LaboratoryColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  4. 4.South African Sugarcane Research InstituteMount EdgecombeSouth Africa

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